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001-es BibID:BIBFORM070381
Első szerző:Szummer Csaba
Cím:The hyperassociative mind: The psychedelic experience and Merleau-Ponty's "wild being" / Csaba Szummer, Lajos Horváth, Attila Szabó, Ede Frecska, Kristóf Orzói
Megjegyzések:Purpose: In contemporary phenomenology, Dieter Lohmar has suggested that the new task of phenomenological research is to analyze the "alternative representational systems" of fantasy. In line with this program, we propose that psychedelic experience could also be suitable subject to this project subsumed under the wider category of fantasy activity. The aim of this paper is to show that psychedelic experiences offer a favorable situation to study the imagination. Method: The paper applies the conceptual framework of the late Merleau-Ponty, developed in The Visible and the Invisible, using his mescaline analyses which have been elaborated in The Phenomenology of Perception. Results: We demonstrate that psychedelic visions and emotional states can be discussed within the Merleau-Pontian framework of "wild world." From the viewpoint of phenomenology, we suggest that psychedelicvisions represent an ongoing sense-making and Gestalt-formation process in which the role of the elaborative activity of the subject is crucial. These ? often unsettling ? visions show the basic volatility and ambiguity of perception and fantasy, which also sheds light to the hidden schemes of perception, thinking, and emotion of normal consciousness. Conclusions: Freud claimed that dreams are "the royal road" to the unconscious. In an analogous manner, while dreams were the primary psychoscope to the unconscious of psychoanalysis, in contemporary phenomenologypsychedelic experiences may show a possible way to an another kind of unconscious, the phenomenological unconscious. This unconscious comprises the hidden schemes and basic affective emotional attitudes of the knowing subject.
Tárgyszavak:Bölcsészettudományok Pszichológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény hazai lapban
altered states of consciousness
Megjelenés:Journal of Psychedelic Studies. - 1 : 2 (2017), p. 55-64. -
További szerzők:Horváth Lajos (1979-) (filozófus) Szabó Attila (1981-) (molekuláris biológus, immunológus, filozófus) Frecska Ede (1953-) (pszichiáter) Orzói Kristóf
Pályázati támogatás:OTKA-112542
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