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001-es BibID:BIBFORM075115
Első szerző:Schranz Edit (szociológus)
Cím:'Who is in crisis? With reference to the debates about the 'crisis of masculinity', discuss about poverty, unemployment, or other social issues, and its effects on women' : But Whose crisis is it after all? / Schranz Edit
Megjegyzések:Is it sexuality or the lack of it, or rather money or the lack of it that defines better therelationship between men and women? Have the position of women really changed alot regarding sexual hierarchy from the image of the "cheap household manpower" tothe self-conscious modern woman possessing an independent income or is that all justan illusion? There are changes that can be traced in the feminist literature from thepre-industrial society through the appearance of the paid labour force of women keptcount of the result of the industrial revolution, as well as through the positive changesin the election and heritance rights considered from the women's point of view to themodern, strengthening feminist fights for female quotes. Can these be reallyconsidered as big steps taken forward or rather just very small ones in respect ofequality between genders considering the present picture of societies basicallydescribed as patriarchal in the literature? Proceeding along the theories we try to givean answer to the above questions in this study by focusing on the results thatsummarize the empiric study of a present-day female group of a given social position,namely deep poverty. At the same time, we are going to concern the issue ofmasculinity crisis to a large extent. According to our hypothesis, it is actually not clearwhether only "masculinity is undermined" as a result of the general economicdifficulties (unemployment) affecting the financial situation of families at a microlevel. What happens to women in the meanwhile? Or what happens to the children,respectively, that is to the families themselves? What happens to them especially ataround or under a well identifiable standard of living: the subsistence level? Americanliterature of sociology in the 1980s ? which described studies on the feminisationfeature of poverty carried out in the United States ? has already made it clear thatwidows, divorced women or mothers who rear their child alone live poverty deeperthan men do. They simply live in deeper poverty. Research results gave a plasticindication of the fact that the chance of families sustained by women the ten timesmore likely remain poor even for long-term than that of families sustained by men. Governmental measures intended to cope with female poverty (USA; years of the 70sand 80s), however, did not work.The reason for that can be traced back now, from atemporal distance of 30 to 40 years, to the fact that the underlying causes of femalepoverty are actually different from that of male poverty. Additionally, programmescoping with poverty were developed for men and thus they were not suitable andeffective for women; moreover, they have anchored the state of female poverty.(Czibere 2014) Child rearing duties incumbent solely on women as well as women'shandicapped position at the labour market a priori make the female form of poverty"unique", irrespectively to whether it hits mothers struggling with solving everydayliving of their families in America or ? as we'll see in our example ? in the middle ofEurope. We try to draft it in this study that what evidences have researchers found sofar to verify that poverty appearing as a process due to social differentiation can at themicro level be detected - as a sign of inequality within the family - between genders, ina male-female relation, also in several dimensions.
Tárgyszavak:Társadalomtudományok Szociológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény hazai lapban
crisis of masculinity
Megjelenés:Metszetek. - 3 : 4 (2014), p. 172-181. -
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