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001-es BibID:BIBFORM090156
Első szerző:Pénzes János (geográfus)
Cím:The impact of the Trianon Peace Treaty on the border zones : an attempt to analyse the historic territorial development pattern and its changes in Hungary / Pénzes János
ISSN:2063-9538 2064-8243
Megjegyzések:The multidimensional approach of territorialdevelopment is applied in the research. A composite indicator created for the presentsituation and named 'territorial developmentindex' was adapted to the Hungarian historicaldata from 1910 on the LAU 2 level. The effects of the Trianon borders were observed on the basis of the comparative analysis of the historical and present development indices. The common methodological basis provided the opportunity to compare the outputs of the computations. Some of the underdeveloped areas along the present state border of Hungary have existed even before the demarcation of the Trianon borders (dominantly along the Eastern-Slovakian border, the Northern part of the Romanian border and along the Slovenian border). Large scale disparities existed at the beginning of the 20th century which decreased significantly by 2016. The general tendency ofconvergence influenced the border zones as well ? both closing up to the Hungarian average and within-region convergence could be measured. Contrary to this, the geographicalconcentration of the most underdeveloped settlements (the lowest quantiles of the settlement ranking) became visible along the Eastern-Slovakian, the Ukrainian, the Romanian and the Croatian sections of the border zone. The former hinterlands of the large towns along the Hungarian-Romanian border tended to face negative tendencies in their development paths. The settlements in the border zone characteristically stepped forward along the Slovenian, Austrian and Western-Slovakian border sections. The results tended to draw the attention to the spatial polarization process because significantparts of the underdeveloped territories located along the borders did not exist prior to 1920. Furthermore, the increasing concentration ofdisadvantaged settlements in the border zone was not only the direct effect of the creation ofthe new state boundary but the cumulative result of multiple disadvantageous ongoingsocial processes. However, the border? undoubtedly ? has had a significant role in the conservation and strengthening of the negative tendencies. At the same time, developed zones ? more or less independentlyof the new borders ? became more developed by 2016 (especially along the Western and North-western part of the state border).
Tárgyszavak:Társadalomtudományok Regionális tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény hazai lapban
border areas
composite indicator
spatial inequality
spatial pattern
territorial development
Megjelenés:Regional Statistics. - 10 : 1 (2020), p. 60-81. -
Pályázati támogatás:ÚNKP-17-4
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