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001-es BibID:BIBFORM094218
035-os BibID:(cikkazonosító)935 (WoS)000653289800001 (Scopus)85106529645
Első szerző:Négyesi Gábor (geográfus)
Cím:Influence of Soil Moisture and Crust Formation on Soil Evaporation Rate: A Wind Tunnel Experiment in Hungary / Gábor Négyesi, Szilárd Szabó, Botond Buró, Safwan Mohammed, József Lóki, Kálmán Rajkai, Imre J. Holb
Megjegyzések:In both arid and semiarid regions, erosion by wind is a significant threat against sustainability of natural resources. The objective of this work was to investigate the direct impact of various soil moisture levels with soil texture and organic matter on soil crust formation and evaporation. Eighty soil samples with different texture (sand: 19, loamy sand: 21, sandy loam: 26, loam: 8, and silty loam: 6 samples) were collected from the Nyírség region (Eastern Hungary). A wind tunnel experiment was conducted on four simulated irrigation rates (0.5, l.0, 2.0, and 5.0 mm) and four levels of wind speeds (4.5, 7.8, 9.2, and 15.5 m s?1). Results showed that watering with a quantity equal to 5 mm rainfall, with the exception of sandy soils, provided about 5?6 h protection against wind erosion, even in case of a wind velocity as high as 15.5 m s?1. An exponential connection was revealed between wind velocities and the times of evaporation (R2 = 0.88?0.99). Notably, a two-way ANOVA test revealed that both wind velocity (p < 0.001) and soil texture (p < 0.01) had a significant effect on the rate of evaporation, but their interaction was not significant (p = 0.26). In terms of surface crusts, silty loamy soils resulted in harder and more solid crusts in comparison with other textures. In contrast, crust formation in sandy soils was almost negligible, increasing their susceptibility to wind erosion risk. These results can support local municipalities in the development of a local plan against wind erosion phenomena in agricultural areas.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Földtudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
wind tunnel
wetting front
regional planning
Megjelenés:Agronomy-Basel. - 11 : 5 (2021), p. 1-16. -
További szerzők:Szabó Szilárd (1974-) (geográfus) Buró Botond (1986-) (geográfus) Mohammed Safwan (1985-) (agrármérnök) Lóki József (1946-) (geográfus) Rajkai Kálmán (1951-) (biológus) Holb Imre (1973-) (agrármérnök)
Pályázati támogatás:GINOP-2.3.2-15-2016-00009
Internet cím:Szerző által megadott URL
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