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001-es BibID:BIBFORM102275
035-os BibID:(cikkazonosító)580
Első szerző:Molnár Bianka
Cím:Temporal Dynamics of Incidence of Shot Hole Disease Affected by Training Systems and Cultivar Susceptibilities in an Integrated Plum Orchard / Molnár Bianka, Szabó Szilárd, Holb Imre J.
Dátum:2022
ISSN:2309-608X
Megjegyzések:Shot hole disease (SHD) can cause severe epidemics in plum orchards, depending on cultivar susceptibility and training system; however, the combined effect on the progress of temporal disease and on the possible reduction in SHD in the disease management was not investigated. The aim of this 3-year study was (i) to monitor and analyze the temporal dynamics of SHD progress under four training systems (4 ? 1.5, 4 ? 2, 5 ? 2.5 and 6 ? 3 m) and on four plum cultivars (♭?Ca?canska lepotica', ♭Bluefre', ♭Stanley' and ♭President') in an integrated plum orchard; (ii) to identify those time periods when training system and cultivar combinations can reduce the disease development. Both SHD incidences and the area under the disease progress curves (AUDPC) were significantly affected by the training system, cultivar and year. Plum cultivars with high or mid?high susceptibility to SHD showed continuous SHD development from May to November, while cultivars with low susceptibility to SHD showed no symptoms until mid-summer and then progressed slowly until November. High (4 ? 1.5 m) vs. low (6 ? 3 m) density training systems reduced SHD incidence and AUDPC consistently for three cultivars (♭?Ca?canska lepotica', ♭Stanley' and ♭President') in September, October and November, compared to the high-density training system. Only cv. ♭Bluefre' showed no effect either on disease incidence or AUDPC, due to very high disease incidences in all training systems from September to November. In conclusions, combinations of training system and cultivar can significantly reduce SHD incidence, which may be successfully used as a part of the integrated pest management approach during the establishment new plantations.
Tárgyszavak:Agrártudományok Növénytermesztési és kertészeti tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
shot hole
Stigmina carpophila
Wilsonomyces carpophilus
training system
cultivar susceptibility
plum cultivar
disease incidence
AUDPC
temporal dynamics
Megjelenés:Journal of Fungi. - 8 : 6 (2022), p. 1-18. -
További szerzők:Szabó Szilárd (1974-) (geográfus) Holb Imre (1973-) (agrármérnök)
Pályázati támogatás:K 131478
OTKA
TÁMOP-4.2.4.A/2-11/1-2012-0001
TÁMOP
A2-SZJ-TOK-13-0061
Egyéb
TKP2020-NKA-04
Egyéb
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