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Szőke Melinda (nyelvész)
Tővégi magánhangzós helynevek a Pécsváradi alapítólevélben / Szőke Melinda
Toponyms with a Stem-Final Vowel in the Founding Charter of Pécsvárad When assessing the source value of charters with an uncertain chronological status and having multiple chronological layers from the perspective of historical linguistics, the presence or absence of stem-final vowels may represent a significant factor. In my paper I examine the issues related to the historical linguistic assessment of names in the Charter of Pécsvárad featuring a vowel in the stem-final position, with special attention to the question of how certainly we may associate these names with the 11th-century chronological layer of the charter. The charter dated 1015 was forged in the 1220s and it has survived in a 15th-century copy. One of the most important sources for the scribe of the forged charter made at the beginning of the 13th century was the 11th-century charter of King Saint Stephen, what is more, the donations under the name of the king recorded in the founding charter known today may be accepted as coming from the 11th century. In line with this, the phonological form of the 3 names including a stem-final vowel in the forged founding charter that has survived in the form of a 15th-century copy may certainly be dated from the 11th century: Árok (ó)út ♭ditch/(old)road' (Aruc owtu), Nagy-(út-)halom ♭large(road)/hillock' (Noghutholmu), Szér settlement name (Zeru). This does not mean that the forms without the stem-final vowel would definitely belong to the parts of the charter changed in the 13th or 15th centuries. The disappearance of final vowels that started in the proto-Hungarian era was already at an advanced stage in the first half of the 11th century. In the Founding Charter of Pécsvárad, however, there are 11 place designations that appeared in the charter of an uncertain chronological status without a stem-final vowel, based on the spelling of other copies of the founding charter it is still possible that they were originally included in the 11th-century authentic charter with a final vowel. The shared source of these copies made in the 14th?18th centuries was the forged Charter of Pécsvárad from the first half of the 13th century, which relies heavily on the authentic charter of Saint Stephen. Besides the 14 place designations mentioned in the paper, in the founding charter there may also be name forms recorded in the 11th century with a final vowel, which were modernized either already at the time of the forgery in the 13th century or later when copying the forged charter, adapting the form to the age of copying.
magyar nyelvű folyóiratközlemény hazai lapban
Helynévtörténeti tanulmányok. - 16 (2020), p. 85-96. -
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