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001-es BibID:BIBFORM004070
Első szerző:Bányász Tamás (élettanász)
Cím:Transformation of adult rat cardiac myocytes in primary culture / Bányász T., Lozinskiy I., Payne C. E., Edelmann S., Norton B., Chen B., Chen-Izu Y., Izu L.T., Balke C. W.
Megjegyzések:We characterized the morphological, electrical and mechanical alterations of cardiomyocytes in long-term cell culture. Morphometric parameters, sarcomere length, T-tubule density, cell capacitance, L-type calcium current (I(Ca,L)), inward rectifier potassium current (I(K1)), cytosolic calcium transients, action potential and contractile parameters of adult rat ventricular myocytes were determined on each day of 5 days in culture. We also analysed the health of the myocytes using an apoptotic/necrotic viability assay. The data show that myocytes undergo profound morphological and functional changes during culture. We observed a progressive reduction in the cell area (from 2502 +/- 70 microm(2) on day 0 to 1432 +/- 50 microm(2) on day 5), T-tubule density, systolic shortening (from 0.11 +/- 0.02 to 0.05 +/- 0.01 microm) and amplitude of calcium transients (from 1.54 +/- 0.19 to 0.67 +/- 0.19) over 5 days of culture. The negative force-frequency relationship, characteristic of rat myocardium, was maintained during the first 2 days but diminished thereafter. Cell capacitance (from 156 +/- 8 to 105 +/- 11 pF) and membrane currents were also reduced (I(Ca,L), from 3.98 +/- 0.39 to 2.12 +/- 0.37 pA pF; and I(K1), from 34.34p +/- 2.31 to 18.00 +/- 5.97 pA pF(-1)). We observed progressive depolarization of the resting membrane potential during culture (from 77.3 +/- 2.5 to 34.2 +/- 5.9 mV) and, consequently, action potential morphology was profoundly altered as well. The results of the viability assays indicate that these alterations could not be attributed to either apoptosis or necrosis but are rather an adaptation to the culture conditions over time.
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Elméleti orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Experimental Physiology 93 : 3 (2008), p. 370-382. -
További szerzők:Lozinskiy, Ilya Payne, Charles E. Edelmann, Stephanie Norton, Byron Chen, Biyi Chen-Izu, Ye Izu, Leighton T. Balke, C. William
Internet cím:elektronikus változat


001-es BibID:BIBFORM001086
Első szerző:Chen-Izu, Ye
Cím:Hypertension-induced remodeling of cardiac excitation-contraction coupling in ventricular myocytes occurs prior to hypertrophy development / Chen-Izu Y., Chen L., Bányász T., McCulle S. L., Norton B., Scharf S. M., Agarwal A., Patwardhan A., Izu L. T., Balke C. W.
ISSN:0363-6135 (Print)
Megjegyzések:Hypertension is a major risk factor for developing cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Previous studies show that hypertrophied and failing hearts display alterations in excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling. However, it is unclear whether remodeling of the E-C coupling system occurs before or after heart disease development. We hypothesized that hypertension might cause changes in the E-C coupling system that, in turn, induce hypertrophy. Here we tested this hypothesis by utilizing the progressive development of hypertensive heart disease in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) to identify a window period when SHR had just developed hypertension but had not yet developed hypertrophy. We found the following major changes in cardiac E-C coupling during this window period. 1) Using echocardiography and hemodynamics measurements, we found a decrease of left ventricular ejection fraction and cardiac output after the onset of hypertension. 2) Studies in isolated ventricular myocytes showed that myocardial contraction was also enhanced at the same time. 3) The action potential became prolonged. 4) The E-C coupling gain was increased. 5) The systolic Ca(2+) transient was augmented. These data show that profound changes in E-C coupling already occur at the onset of hypertension and precede hypertrophy development. Prolonged action potential and increased E-C coupling gain synergistically increase the Ca(2+) transient. Functionally, augmented Ca(2+) transient causes enhancement of myocardial contraction that can partially compensate for the greater workload to maintain cardiac output. The increased Ca(2+) signaling cascade as a molecular mechanism linking hypertension to cardiac hypertrophy development is also discussed.
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Elméleti orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 293 (2007), p. 3301-3310. -
További szerzők:Chen, L. Bányász Tamás (1960-) (élettanász) McCulle, S. L. Norton, Byron Scharf, S. M. Agarwal, Anupam Patwardhan, A. Izu, Leighton T. Balke, C. William
Internet cím:Elektronikus változat
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