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001-es BibID:BIBFORM100909
035-os BibID:(WoS)000591000000001 (Scopus)85096346570
Első szerző:Fekete István
Cím:How will a drier climate change carbon sequestration in soils of the deciduous forests of Central Europe? / Fekete, István; Berki, Imre; Lajtha, Kate; Trumbore, Susan; Francioso, Ornella; Gioacchini, Paola; Montecchio, Daniela; Várbíró, Gábor; Béni, Áron; Makádi, Marianna; Demeter, Ibolya; Madarász, Balázs; Juhos, Katalin; Kotroczó, Zsolt
Megjegyzések:Global warming is accompanied by increasing water stress across much of our planet. We studied soil biological processes and changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) storage in 30 Hungarian oak forest sites in the Carpathian Basin along a climatic gradient (mean annual temperature (MAT) 9.6-12.1 degrees C, mean annual precipitation (MAP) 545-725 mm) but on similar gently sloped hillsides where the parent materials are loess and weathered dust inputs dating from the end of the ice age. The purpose of this research was to understand how a drying climate, predicted for this region, might regulate long-term SOC sequestration. To examine the effects of decreasing water availability, we compared soil parameters and processes in three categories of forest that represented the moisture extremes along our gradient and that were defined using a broken-stick regression model. Soil biological activity was significantly lower in the driest ("dry") forests, which had more than double the SOC concentration in the upper 30 cm layer (3.28 g C/100 g soil +/- 0.11 SE) compared to soils of the wettest ("humid") forests (1.32 g C/100 g soil +/- 0.09 SE), despite the fact that annual surface litter production in humid forests was similar to 37% higher than in dry forests. A two-pool SOM model constrained to fit radiocarbon data indicates that turnover times for fast and slow pools are about half as long in the humid soil compared to the dry soil, and humid soils transfer C twice as efficiently from fast to slow pools. Enzyme activity and fungal biomass data also imply shorter turnover times associated with faster degradation processes in the soils of humid forests. Thermogravimetry studies suggest that more chemically recalcitrant compounds are accumulating in the soils of dry forests. Taken together, our results suggest that the predicted climate drying in this region might increase SOC storage in Central European mesic deciduous forests even as litter production decreases.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Környezettudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Biogeochemistry. - 152 : 1 (2020), p. 13-32. -
További szerzők:Berki Imre Lajtha, Kate Trumbore, Susan Francioso, Ornella Gioacchini, Paola Montecchio, Daniela Várbíró Gábor (biológus) Béni Áron (1978-) (vegyész) Makádi Marianna (1968-) (biológus) Demeter Ibolya (1985-) (anyagmérnök) Madarász Balázs Juhos Katalin Kotroczó Zsolt (1975-) (biológus, ökológus)
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