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001-es BibID:BIBFORM106841
035-os BibID:(Scopus)85145252534
Első szerző:Gonda Sándor (gyógyszerész)
Cím:Quality-controlled LC-ESI-MS food metabolomics of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) sprouts: Insights into changes in primary and specialized metabolites / Sándor Gonda, Zsolt Szűcs, Tamás Plaszkó, Zoltán Cziáky, Attila Kiss-Szikszai, Dávid Sinka, Ildikó Bácskay, Gábor Vasas
Dátum:2023
ISSN:0963-9969
Megjegyzések:Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) is an important food and spice with bioactive compounds against diabetes. In this study, fenugreek seeds germinating in darkness for 72 h were studied using quantification of trigonelline and 4-hydroxyisoleucine and an LC-ESI-MS/MS-based metabolomic approach capable of accurately estimating 237 features from various primary and specialized compound classes. During germination, the concentrations of trigonelline and 4-hydroxyisoleucine rose by 33.5% and 33.3%, respectively. At the same time, untargeted metabolomics revealed 9 putative flavonoids increasing 1.19- to 2.77-fold compared to the dormant seeds. A set of 19 steroid saponins rose by 1.08- to 31.86-fold. Primary metabolites however showed much more variability: abundance changes in amino acid derivatives, peptides and saccharides fell in the 0.09- to 22.25-fold, 0.93- to 478.79-fold and 0.36- to 941.58-fold ranges, respectively. To increase biosynthesis of specialized metabolites during germination, sprouts were exposed to 1?100 mM methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and methyl salicylate (MeSA). The hormone treatments affected normal metabolism: 67.1?83.1 % and 64.1?83.5 % of compounds showed a reduction compared to the controls in 100 mM MeJA and MeSA treatments at different sampling time points. Contrary to expectations, the abundance of flavonoids decreased, compared to the control sprouts (0.75- and 0.68-fold change medians, respectively). The same was observed for most, but not all steroid saponins. The quality-controlled untargeted metabolomics approach proved to yield excellent insight into the metabolic changes during germination of fenugreek. The results suggest that although fenugreek germination causes major shifts in plant metabolism, there are no major qualitative changes in bioactive specialized metabolites during the first three days. This stability likely translates into good bioactivity that is similar to that of the seeds. Because the large changes in the primary metabolites likely alter the nutritive value of the seed, further studies are warranted.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
Megjelenés:Food Research International. - 164 (2023), p. 112347. -
További szerzők:Szűcs Zsolt (1990-) (gyógyszerész) Plaszkó Tamás (1994-) (Biológus Msc) Cziáky Zoltán Kiss-Szikszai Attila (1975-) (vegyész) Sinka Dávid Zsolt (1991-) (gyógyszerész) Bácskay Ildikó (1969-) (gyógyszerész, gyógyszertechnológus) Vasas Gábor (1975-) (biológus-vegyész)
Pályázati támogatás:OTKA-128021
OTKA
TKP2020-IKA-04
Egyéb
GINOP-2.2.1-15-2017-00066
GINOP
GINOP-2.3.3-15-2016-00021
GINOP
ÚNKP-22-3-II-DE-128
Egyéb
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DOI
Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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2.

001-es BibID:BIBFORM077836
035-os BibID:(cikkazonosító)2204 (WoS)000447365100115 (Scopus)85052615407
Első szerző:Gonda Sándor (gyógyszerész)
Cím:A Simple Method for On-Gel Detection of Myrosinase Activity / Sándor Gonda, Zsolt Szűcs, Tamás Plaszkó, Zoltán Cziáky, Attila Kiss-Szikszai, Gábor Vasas, Márta M-Hamvas
Dátum:2018
ISSN:1420-3049
Megjegyzések:Myrosinase is an enzyme present in many functional foods and spices, particularly in Cruciferous vegetables. It hydrolyses glucosinolates which thereafter rearrange into bioactive volatile constituents (isothiocyanates, nitriles). We aimed to develop a simple reversible method for on-gel detection of myrosinase. Reagent composition and application parameters for native PAGE and SDS-PAGE gels were optimized. The proposed method was successfully applied to detect myrosinase (or sulfatase) on-gel: the detection solution contains methyl red which gives intensive red bands where the HSO 4 ? is enzymatically released from the glucosinolates. Subsequently, myrosinase was successfully distinguished from sulfatase by incubating gel bands in a derivatization solution and examination by LC-ESI-MS: myrosinase produced allyl isothiocyanate (detected in conjugate form) while desulfo-sinigrin was released by sulfatase, as expected. After separation of 80 ?g protein of crude extracts of Cruciferous vegetables, intensive color develops within 10 min. On-gel detection was found to be linear between 0.031?0.25 U (pure Sinapis alba myrosinase, R 2 = 0.997). The method was successfully applied to detection of myrosinase isoenzymes from horseradish, Cruciferous vegetables and endophytic fungi of horseradish as well. The method was shown to be very simple, rapid and efficient. It enables detection and partial characterization of glucosinolate decomposing enzymes without protein purification.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
Megjelenés:Molecules. - 23 : 9 (2018), p. 1-11. -
További szerzők:Szűcs Zsolt (1990-) (gyógyszerész) Plaszkó Tamás (1994-) (Biológus Msc) Cziáky Zoltán Kiss-Szikszai Attila (1975-) (vegyész) Vasas Gábor (1975-) (biológus-vegyész) Mikóné Hamvas Márta (1963-) (biológus)
Pályázati támogatás:NKFIH FK 128021
Egyéb
NKFIH PD 124339
Egyéb
EFOP-3.6.1-16-2016-00022
EFOP
GINOP-2.3.2-15-2016-00008
GINOP
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DOI
Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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3.

001-es BibID:BIBFORM081690
Első szerző:Papp Nóra (élelmiszermérnök)
Cím:Ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological data of Armoracia rusticana P. Gaertner, B. Meyer et Scherb. in Hungary and Romania: a case study / Nóra Papp, Sándor Gonda, Attila Kiss-Szikszai, Tamás Plaszkó, Péter Lőrincz, Gábor Vasas
Dátum:2018
ISSN:0925-9864
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
Megjelenés:Genetic Resources And Crop Evolution. - 65 : 7 (2018), p. 1893-1905. -
További szerzők:Gonda Sándor (1984-) (gyógyszerész) Kiss-Szikszai Attila (1975-) (vegyész) Plaszkó Tamás (1994-) (Biológus Msc) Lőrincz Péter Vasas Gábor (1975-) (biológus-vegyész)
Pályázati támogatás:EFOP-3.6.1-16-2016-00022
EFOP
OTKA-124339
OTKA
Internet cím:Szerző által megadott URL
DOI
Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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4.

001-es BibID:BIBFORM074731
Első szerző:Szűcs Zsolt (gyógyszerész)
Cím:Endophytic fungi from the roots of horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) and their interactions with the defensive metabolites of the glucosinolate - myrosinase - isothiocyanate system / Szűcs Zsolt, Plaszkó Tamás, Cziáky Zoltán, Kiss-Szikszai Attila, Emri Tamás, Bertóti Regina, Sinka László Tamás, Vasas Gábor, Gonda Sándor
Dátum:2018
ISSN:1471-2229
Megjegyzések:AbstractBackgroundThe health of plants is heavily influenced by the intensively researched plant microbiome. The microbiome has to cope with the plant's defensive secondary metabolites to survive and develop, but studies that describe this interaction are rare. In the current study, we describe interactions of endophytic fungi with a widely researched chemical defense system, the glucosinolate - myrosinase - isothiocyanate system. The antifungal isothiocyanates are also of special interest because of their beneficial effects on human consumers.ResultsSeven endophytic fungi were isolated from horseradish roots (Armoracia rusticana), from the genera Fusarium, Macrophomina, Setophoma, Paraphoma and Oidiodendron. LC-ESI-MS analysis of the horseradish extract incubated with these fungi showed that six of seven strains could decompose different classes of glucosinolates. Aliphatic, aromatic, thiomethylalkyl and indolic glucosinolates were decomposed by different strains at different rates. SPME-GC-MS measurements showed that two strains released significant amounts of allyl isothiocyanate into the surrounding air, but allyl nitrile was not detected. The LC-ESI-MS analysis of many strains' media showed the presence of allyl isothiocyanate - glutathione conjugate during the decomposition of sinigrin. Four endophytic strains also accepted sinigrin as the sole carbon source. Isothiocyanates inhibited the growth of fungi at various concentrations, phenylethyl isothiocyanate was more potent than allyl isothiocyanate (mean IC50 was 2.30-fold lower).As a control group, ten soil fungi from the same soil were used. They decomposed glucosinolates with lower overall efficiency: six of ten strains had insignificant or weak activities and only three could use sinigrin as a carbon source. The soil fungi also showed lower AITC tolerance in the growth inhibition assay: the median IC50 values were 0.1925 mM for endophytes and 0.0899 mM for soil fungi.ConclusionsThe host's glucosinolates can be used by the tested endophytic fungi as nutrients or to gain competitive advantage over less tolerant species. These activities were much less apparent among the soil fungi. This suggests that the endophytes show adaptation to the host plant's secondary metabolites and that host metabolite specific activities are enriched in the root microbiome. The results present background mechanisms enabling an understanding of how plants shape their microbiome.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Myrosinase
Endophytes
Glucosinolate
Isothiocyanate
Fungal enzyme
Megjelenés:BMC Plant Biology. - 18 : 1 (2018), p. 1-15. -
További szerzők:Plaszkó Tamás (1994-) (Biológus Msc) Cziáky Zoltán Kiss-Szikszai Attila (1975-) (vegyész) Emri Tamás (1969-) (biológus) Bertóti Regina Sinka László Tamás Vasas Gábor (1975-) (biológus-vegyész) Gonda Sándor (1984-) (gyógyszerész)
Pályázati támogatás:112374
OTKA
124339
OTKA
EFOP-3.6.1-16-2016-00022
EFOP
Internet cím:Szerző által megadott URL
DOI
Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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