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001-es BibID:BIBFORM076187
Első szerző:Garda Tamás (biológus)
Cím:Allyl-isothiocyanate and microcystin-LR reveal the protein phosphatase mediated regulation of metaphase-anaphase transition in Vicia faba / Tamás Garda, Zoltán Kónya, Csongor Freytag, Ferenc Erdődi, Sándor Gonda, Gábor Vasas, Boglárka Szücs, Márta M-Hamvas, Attila Kiss-Szikszai, György Vámosi, Csaba Máthé
Megjegyzések:Horseradish allyl isothiocyanate (AITC, a volatile oil) and cyanobacterial microcystin-LR (MCY-LR, a cyclic heptapeptide) affect eukaryotic cell cycle. MCY-LR inhibits protein phosphatases PP1 and PP2A. We aimed to reveal the mechanisms of their cellular effects in a model eukaryote, Vicia faba. We have shown for the first time that AITC had minor effects on PP1 and PP2A activities in vitro, but it inhibited significantly PP1 in vivo. The combination of 10 ?M AITC with 10 ?M MCY-LR induced metaphase arrest after short-term (12 h) treatments. 10 ?M AITC, 0.2-10 ?M MCY-LR and their combinations induced histone H3 hyperphosphorylation, associated with the regulation of metaphase-anaphase transition. This hyperphosphorylation event occurred at any treatment which led to the inhibition of PP1 activity. 10 ?M AITC + 10 ?M MCY-LR increased the frequency of metaphase spindle anomalies, associated with metaphase arrest. We provide new insights into the mechanisms of metaphase-anaphase transition. Metaphase arrest is induced at the concomitant hyperphosphorylation of histone H3, alteration of metaphase spindle assembly and strong inhibition of PP1+PP2A activity. Near-complete blocking of metaphase-anaphase transition by rapid protein phosphatase inhibition is shown here for the first time in plants, confirming a crucial role of serine-threonine phosphatases in this checkpoint of cell cycle regulation. Tissue-dependent differences in PP1 and PP2A activities induced by AITC and MCY-LR suggest that mainly regulatory subunits are affected. AITC is a potential tool for the study of protein phosphatase function and regulation. We raise the possibility that one of the biochemical events occurring during AITC release upon wounding is the modulation of protein phosphatase dependent signal transduction pathways during the plant defence response.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Frontiers in Plant Science. - 9 (2018), p. 1-15. -
További szerzők:Kónya Zoltán (1986-) (molekuláris biológus, biokémikus) Freytag Csongor (1993-) (biológus) Erdődi Ferenc (1953-) (biokémikus) Gonda Sándor (1984-) (gyógyszerész) Vasas Gábor (1975-) (biológus-vegyész) Szücs Boglárka Mikóné Hamvas Márta (1963-) (biológus) Kiss-Szikszai Attila (1975-) (vegyész) Vámosi György (1967-) (biofizikus) Máthé Csaba (1966-) (biológus)
Pályázati támogatás:NKFIH K120638
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001-es BibID:BIBFORM063055
Első szerző:Gonda Sándor (gyógyszerész)
Cím:Effects of N source concentration and NH4+/NO3- ratio on phenylethanoid glycoside pattern in tissue cultures of Plantago lanceolata L.: A metabolomics driven full-factorial experiment with LC-ESI-MS3 / Sándor Gonda, Attila Kiss-Szikszai, Zsolt Szűcs, Csaba Máthé, Gábor Vasas
Megjegyzések:Tissue cultures of a medicinal plant, Plantago lanceolata L. were screened for phenylethanoid glycosides (PGs) and other natural products (NPs) with LC?ESI?MS 3 . The effects of N source concentration and NH + 4 /NO 3 ratio were evaluated in a full-factorial (FF) experiment. N concentrations of 10, 20, 40 and 60 mM, and NH + 4 /NO 3 ratios of 0, 0.11, 0.20 and 0.33 (ratio of NH + 4 in total N source) were tested. Several peaks could be identified as PGs, of which, 16 could be putatively identified from the MS/MS/MS spectra. N source concentration and NH4+ /NO3- ratio had significant effects on the metabolome, their effects on individual PGs were different despite these metabolites were of the same biosynthethic class. Chief PGs were plantamajoside and acteoside (verbascoside), their highest concentrations were 3.54 ? 0.83% and 1.30 ? 0.40% of dry weight, on media 10(0.33) and 40(0.33), respectively. NH4+ /NO3- ratio and N source concentration effects were examined on a set of 89 NPs. For most NPs, high increases in abundance were observed compared to Murashige?Skoog medium. Abundances of 42 and 10 NPs were significantly influenced by the N source concentration and the NH + 4 /NO 3 ratio, respectively. Optimal media for production of different NP clusters were 10(0), 10(0.11) and 40(0.33). Interaction was observed between NH + 4 /NO 3 ratio and N source concentration for many NPs. It was shown in simulated experiments, that one-factor at a time (OFAT) experimental designs lead to sub-optimal media compositions for production of many NPs, and alternative experimental designs (e.g. FF) should be preferred when optimizing medium N source for optimal yield of NPs. If using OFAT, the N source concentration is to be optimized first, followed by NH4+/NO3- ratio, as this reduces the likeliness of suboptimal yield results.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Phenylpropanoid glycosides
Polyphenolic substances
Phenoloid secondary metabolites
Design of experiments
Medicinal plant tissue culture
Megjelenés:Phytochemistry. - 106 (2014), p. 44-54. -
További szerzők:Kiss-Szikszai Attila (1975-) (vegyész) Szűcs Zsolt (1990-) (gyógyszerész) Máthé Csaba (1966-) (biológus) Vasas Gábor (1975-) (biológus-vegyész)
Pályázati támogatás:PD 112374
K 81370
4.2.4. A/2-11-1-2012-0001
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