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001-es BibID:BIBFORM119077
035-os BibID:(WoS)001201903400001 (Scopus)85186878782
Első szerző:Csomós György (geográfus)
Cím:A GIS-based assessment of different income groups' access to multiple types of green areas in Budapest, Hungary / György Csomós, Jenő Zsolt Farkas, Zoltán Kovács
Dátum:2024
ISSN:0197-3975
Megjegyzések:A growing body of literature demonstrates that the accessibility of urban green spaces may differ across ethnic, minority, racial, and socioeconomic groups. In post-socialist Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, income has become the most critical factor influencing where people may reside in a city, as well as to the extent to which they can access city services. This paper investigates socioeconomic disparities in access to green areas in Budapest, Hungary, taking multiple types of green areas into account, such as urban green spaces (e.g., urban parks and gardens), urban forests, and residential greenery (e.g., private gardens and street trees). People's incomes were considered a proxy measure for socioeconomic status, and the spatial distribution of green areas were analyzed with geographic information system (GIS) tools. The results show that the advantage of wealthier people in terms of urban green space provision is not so pronounced, which is the outcome of a multi-layered historical urban development. However, considering the accessibility of urban forests and residential greenery, high-income people are in a more favorable position than those from other socioeconomic groups. In addition, geography seems to be a crucial constraint for high- and upper-middle income inner-city residents to access urban forests and residential greenery, indicating that factors outside of socioeconomic status influence access to green areas. Future planning policies should attempt to alleviate inequalities in green area provision; however, some inherited and recent issues may jeopardize municipalities' ability to achieve this goal.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Földtudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
Urban green space
Urban forest
Residential greenery
Accessibility
Socioeconomic disparities
Budapest
Megjelenés:Habitat International. - 146 (2024), p. 103054. -
További szerzők:Farkas Jenő Zsolt Kovács Zoltán
Pályázati támogatás:K_142121
OTKA
K_135546
OTKA
TKP2021-NVA-09
Egyéb
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DOI
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2.

001-es BibID:BIBFORM096227
035-os BibID:(cikkazonosító)102434 (WoS)000701132100003 (Scopus)85114181107
Első szerző:Csomós György (geográfus)
Cím:Measuring socio-economic disparities in green space availability in post-socialist cities / György Csomós, Zsolt Jenő Farkas, Ronald A. Kolcsár, Péter Szilassi, Zoltán Kovács
Dátum:2021
ISSN:0197-3975
Megjegyzések:Since the collapse of communism, countries in Central and Eastern Europe have experienced significant socio-economic changes that have affected the urban landscape and the spatial organization of cities. These processes have also generated significant changes in the availability of urban green spaces for local residents, resulting in new forms of inequalities. In the light of recent debate on socio-spatial segregation, the concept of environmental justice has gained increasing attention. Using three Hungarian post-socialist cities as case studies, this paper explores the relationship between different types of residential areas in terms of the age, education, and income level of people, and the availability of urban green spaces. To do this, we introduce a demand-supply composite index that contains featured indicators of urban green space availability. The results show that in terms of UGS availability, major disparities exist both among different socio-economic groups and different types of neighbourhoods in the investigated cities. Although legacies of the past are still important, the emerging disparities of green space availability can be linked to new forms of segregation including highly segregated neighbourhoods of urban poor and the new upmarket housing developments of the affluent. Our results also suggest that regardless of local governments' recebt efforts to provide residents with equal access to urban green spaces, environmental justice remains a concern for urban planning in post-socialist cities.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Földtudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
Environmental justice
Urban green spaces
Socio-economic segregation
Demand-supply composite index
Post-socialist city
Megjelenés:Habitat International. - 117 (2021), 9 p. -
További szerzők:Farkas Zsolt Jenő Kolcsár Ronald A. Szilassi Péter Kovács Zoltán
Internet cím:Szerző által megadott URL
DOI
Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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