Összesen 2 találat.


001-es BibID:BIBFORM076187
Első szerző:Garda Tamás (biológus)
Cím:Allyl-isothiocyanate and microcystin-LR reveal the protein phosphatase mediated regulation of metaphase-anaphase transition in Vicia faba / Tamás Garda, Zoltán Kónya, Csongor Freytag, Ferenc Erdődi, Sándor Gonda, Gábor Vasas, Boglárka Szücs, Márta M-Hamvas, Attila Kiss-Szikszai, György Vámosi, Csaba Máthé
Megjegyzések:Horseradish allyl isothiocyanate (AITC, a volatile oil) and cyanobacterial microcystin-LR (MCY-LR, a cyclic heptapeptide) affect eukaryotic cell cycle. MCY-LR inhibits protein phosphatases PP1 and PP2A. We aimed to reveal the mechanisms of their cellular effects in a model eukaryote, Vicia faba. We have shown for the first time that AITC had minor effects on PP1 and PP2A activities in vitro, but it inhibited significantly PP1 in vivo. The combination of 10 ?M AITC with 10 ?M MCY-LR induced metaphase arrest after short-term (12 h) treatments. 10 ?M AITC, 0.2-10 ?M MCY-LR and their combinations induced histone H3 hyperphosphorylation, associated with the regulation of metaphase-anaphase transition. This hyperphosphorylation event occurred at any treatment which led to the inhibition of PP1 activity. 10 ?M AITC + 10 ?M MCY-LR increased the frequency of metaphase spindle anomalies, associated with metaphase arrest. We provide new insights into the mechanisms of metaphase-anaphase transition. Metaphase arrest is induced at the concomitant hyperphosphorylation of histone H3, alteration of metaphase spindle assembly and strong inhibition of PP1+PP2A activity. Near-complete blocking of metaphase-anaphase transition by rapid protein phosphatase inhibition is shown here for the first time in plants, confirming a crucial role of serine-threonine phosphatases in this checkpoint of cell cycle regulation. Tissue-dependent differences in PP1 and PP2A activities induced by AITC and MCY-LR suggest that mainly regulatory subunits are affected. AITC is a potential tool for the study of protein phosphatase function and regulation. We raise the possibility that one of the biochemical events occurring during AITC release upon wounding is the modulation of protein phosphatase dependent signal transduction pathways during the plant defence response.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Frontiers in Plant Science. - 9 (2018), p. 1-15. -
További szerzők:Kónya Zoltán (1986-) (molekuláris biológus, biokémikus) Freytag Csongor (1993-) (biológus) Erdődi Ferenc (1953-) (biokémikus) Gonda Sándor (1984-) (gyógyszerész) Vasas Gábor (1975-) (biológus-vegyész) Szücs Boglárka Mikóné Hamvas Márta (1963-) (biológus) Kiss-Szikszai Attila (1975-) (vegyész) Vámosi György (1967-) (biofizikus) Máthé Csaba (1966-) (biológus)
Pályázati támogatás:NKFIH K120638
Internet cím:Szerző által megadott URL
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001-es BibID:BIBFORM102137
Első szerző:Plaszkó Tamás (Biológus Msc)
Cím:Correlations between the metabolome and the endophytic fungal metagenome suggests importance of various metabolite classes in community assembly in horseradish (Armoracia rusticana L., Brassicaceae) roots / Plaszkó Tamás, Szűcs Zsolt, Cziáky Zoltán, Ács-Szabó Lajos, Csoma Hajnalka, Géczi László, Vasas Gábor, Gonda Sándor
Megjegyzések:The plant microbiome is an increasingly intensive research area, with significance in agriculture, general plant health, and production of bioactive natural products. Correlations between the fungal endophytic communities and plant chemistry can provide insight into these interactions, and suggest key contributors on both the chemistry and fungal side. In this study, roots of various horseradish (Armoracia rusticana L.) accessions grown under the same conditions were sampled in two consecutive years and chemically characterized using a quality controlled, untargeted metabolomics approach by LC-ESI-MS/MS. Sinigrin, gluconasturtiin, glucoiberin and glucobrassicin were also quantified. Thereafter, a subset of roots from 8 accessions (n = 64) with considerable chemical variability was assessed for their endophytic fungal community, using an ITS2 amplicon-based metagenomic approach using a custom primer with high coverage on fungi, but no amplification of host ITS. A set of 335 chemical features, including putatively identified flavonoids, phospholipids, peptides, amino acid derivatives, indolic phytoalexins, a glucosinolate and a glucosinolate downstream product was detected. Major taxa in horseradish roots belonged to Cantharellales, Glomerellales, Hypocreales, Pleosporales, Saccharomycetales and Sordariales. Most abundant genera included typical endophytes such as Plectosphaerella, Thanatephorus, Podospora, Monosporascus, Exophiala and Setophoma. A surprising dominance of single taxa was observed for many samples. In summary, 35.23% of reads of the plant endophytic fungal microbiome correlated with changes in the plant metabolome. While the concentration of flavonoid kaempferol glycosides positively correlated with the abundance of many fungal strains, many compounds showed negative correlations with fungi including indolic phytoalexins, a putative glucosinolate but not major glucosinolates and a glutathione isothiocyanate adduct. The latter is likely an in vivo glucosinolate decomposition product important in fungal arrest. Our results show the potency of the untargeted metabolomics approach in deciphering plant - microbe interactions and depicts a complex array of various metabolite classes in shaping the endophytic fungal community.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
plant microbiome
plant holobiont
fungal endophytes
glucosinolate decomposition
flavonoid glycosides
tryptophan derivatives
Megjelenés:Frontiers in Plant Science. - "Accepted by Publisher" : - (2022), p. 1-34. -
További szerzők:Szűcs Zsolt (1990-) (gyógyszerész) Cziáky Zoltán Ács-Szabó Lajos (1985-) (biológus) Csoma Hajnalka (1979-) (biológus, szőlész-borász) Géczi László Vasas Gábor (1975-) (biológus-vegyész) Gonda Sándor (1984-) (gyógyszerész)
Pályázati támogatás:OTKA 128021
Internet cím:Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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