Összesen 2 találat.


001-es BibID:BIBFORM080901
Első szerző:Braun Mihály (vegyész, analitikus)
Cím:Using linear discriminant analysis (LDA) of bulk lake sediment geochemical data to reconstruct lateglacial climate changes in the South Carpathian Mountains / M. Braun, K. Hubay, E. Magyari, D. Veres, I. Papp, M. Bálint
Megjegyzések:A multi-proxy approach is widely used for reconstructing climatic change in alpine lake sediments. This study applied bulk sediment geochemistry to reconstruct lateglacial and early Holocene climatic change in a glacial lake (Lake Brazi, 1740 m a.s.l.) in the Retezat Mts. (South Carpathians, Romania). The lowermost 1 m part of a 4.9-m long sediment core, covering the period between 9950 and 15,750 cal BP, was used for high resolution bulk analysis of major elements (Al2O3, SiO2, TiO2, CaO, MgO, K2O, Na2O, Fe2O3, MnO, SO3). Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) was used to compare a priori classified main chemical groups. Subsamples from the core were priory ordered to "warm" and "cold" groups respectively, according to their age and evidence of cold and warm events in the record, as suggested by proxy correlation with the lateglacial event stratigraphy of North Greenland Ice Core Project (NGRIP). The discriminant function was calculated using concentrations of Al2O3, TiO2, CaO, MgO, K2O, Na2O, Fe2O3, and MnO after log ratio transformation. Loss-on-ignition, silicon and sulphur concentrations were not used for the discriminant analysis, but regarded as comparison proxies for checking up the validity of outputs. Sediments deposited during "cold" and "warm" events were separated significantly by the LDA function; 85.1% of the originally grouped cases were correctly classified under the LDA analysis. The calculated discriminant scores indicated four "cold" and four "warm" events. Sediments ordered into the "warm" group contained larger amounts of organic matter and sulphur, while sediment samples of the "cold" group were characterized by the overall predominance of major oxides bound into inorganic silicates. The discriminant scores showed strong correlation with the NGRIP ?18O data (r = 0.8135) and with the pollen percentage sum of trees and shrubs (r = 0.9460). Loss-on-ignition showed a somehow weaker, but still conclusive linear relationship with the discriminant scores (r = 0.7505). Discriminant analyses of bulk sediment major oxide chemical data may be a useful tool to identify the impact of climatic events upon the nature and composition of materials delivered to a lake basin.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Földtudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Quaternary International. - 293 (2013), p. 114-122. -
További szerzők:Hubay Katalin (1985-) (biológus, környezetkutató) Magyari Enikő (1973-) (biológus) Veres Dániel Papp István (1980-) (vegyész) Bálint Miklós
Internet cím:Szerző által megadott URL
Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat


001-es BibID:BIBFORM009590
Első szerző:Magyari Enikő (biológus)
Cím:Palaeolimnology of the last crater lake in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains: a multiproxy study of Holocene hydrological changes / Enikő Magyari, Krisztina Buczkó, Gusztáv Jakab, Mihály Braun, Zoltán Pál, Dávid Karátson, István Pap
Megjegyzések:A multi-proxy investigation (loss-on-ignition, major and trace elements, pollen, plant macrofossil and siliceous algae) was carried out on the sediment of a crater lake (Lake Saint Ana, 950 ma.s.l.) from the Eastern Carpathian Mountains. Diatom-based transfer functions were applied to estimate the lake's trophic status and pH, while reconstruction of the water-depth changes was based on the plant macrofossil and diatom records. The lowest Holocene water depths were found between 9000 and 7400 calibrated BP years, when the crater was occupied by Sphagnumbog. Significant increases in water depth were found from 5350(1), 3300(2) and 2700 cal yr BP. Of these, the first two coincided with major terrestrial vegetation changes, namely (1) the establishment of Carpinus betulus on the crater slope and (2) the replacement of the lakeshore Picea abies forest by Fagus sylvatica. The chemical record indicated significant soil changes along with the canopy changes (from coniferous to deciduous) that led to increased in-lake productivity and pH. A further increase in water depth around 2700 cal yr BP resulted in stable thermal stratification and hypolimnetic anoxia that via P-release further increased in-lake productivity and eventually led to phytoplankton blooms with large populations of Scenedesmus. High productivity was depressed by anthropogenic lakeshore forest clearances from ca. 1000 cal yr BP that led to the re-establishment of P. abies on the lakeshore and consequent acidification of the lake water. On the whole, these data suggest that Lake Saint Ana is a vulnerable ecosystem: in-lake productivity is higher under deciduous canopy and litter, and considerably repressed by coniferous canopy and litter. The lake today subsists in a managed environment that is far from its natural state. This would be a dense F. sylvatica forest supplying more nutrients and keeping up a more productive in-lake flora and fauna.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Földtudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Hydrobiologia. - 631 (2009), p. 29-63. -
További szerzők:Buczkó Krisztina (1962-) (biológus) Jakab Gusztáv (1975- ) (paleontológus) Braun Mihály (1966-) (vegyész, analitikus) Pál Zoltán Karátson Dávid (1964- ) (földrajz-biológia tanár) Papp István (1980-) (vegyész)
Internet cím:DOI
elektronikus változat
Rekordok letöltése1