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001-es BibID:BIBFORM070620
Első szerző:Asztalos László (aneszteziológus)
Cím:Reversal of Vecuronium-induced Neuromuscular Blockade with Low-dose Sugammadex at Train-of-four Count of Four : a Randomized Controlled Trial / László Asztalos, Zoltán Szabó-Maák, András Gajdos, Réka Nemes, Adrienn Pongrácz, Szabolcs Lengyel, Béla Fülesdi, Edömér Tassonyi
Megjegyzések:Background: Rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block that spontaneously recovered to a train-of-four count of four can bereversed with sugammadex 0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg. We investigated whether these doses of sugammadex can also reverse vecuroniumat a similar level of block.Methods: Sixty-five patients were randomly assigned, and 64 were analyzed in this controlled, superiority study. Participantsreceived general anesthesia with propofol, sevoflurane, fentanyl, and vecuronium. Measurement of neuromuscular functionwas performed with acceleromyography (TOF-Watch-SX, Organon Teknika B.V., The Netherlands ). Once the block recoveredspontaneously to four twitches in response to train-of-four stimulation, patients were randomly assigned to receivesugammadex 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 mg/kg; neostigmine 0.05 mg/kg; or placebo. Time from study drug injection to normalizedtrain-of-four ratio 0.9 and the incidence of incomplete reversal within 30 min were the primary outcome variables. Secondaryoutcome was the incidence of reparalysis (normalized train-of-four ratio less than 0.9).Results: Sugammadex, in doses of 1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg, reversed a threshold train-of-four count of four to normalized train-offourratio of 0.9 or higher in all patients in 4.4 ? 2.3 min (mean ? SD) and 2.6 ? 1.6 min, respectively. Sugammadex 0.5 mg/kgreversed the block in 6.8 ? 4.1 min in 70% of patients (P < 0.0001 vs. 1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg), whereas neostigmine producedreversal in 11.3 ? 9.7 min in 77% of patients (P > 0.05 vs. sugammadex 0.5 mg/kg). The overall frequency of reparalysis was18.7%, but this incidence varied from group to group.Conclusions: Sugammadex 1.0 mg/kg, unlike 0.5 mg/kg, properly reversed a threshold train-of-four count of four vecuroniuminducedblock but did not prevent reparalysis.
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Klinikai orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
neuromuscular block
Megjelenés:Anesthesiology. - 127 : 3 (2017), p. 441-449. -
További szerzők:Szabó-Maák Zoltán Gajdos András Nemes Réka (1985-) (aneszteziológus, intenzív terápiás szakorvos) Pongrácz Adrienn (1971-) (aneszteziológus, intenzív terápiás szakorvos) Lengyel Szabolcs (1971-) (biológus) Fülesdi Béla (1961-) (aneszteziológus) Tassonyi Edömér (1940-2022) (aneszteziológus)
Internet cím:DOI
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001-es BibID:BIBFORM068730
Első szerző:Nemes Réka (aneszteziológus, intenzív terápiás szakorvos)
Cím:Impact of reversal strategies on the incidence of postoperative residual paralysis after rocuronium relaxation without neuromuscular monitoring : a partially randomised placebo controlled trial / Réka Nemes, Béla Fülesdi, Adrienn Pongrácz, László Asztalos, Zoltán Szabó-Maák, Szabolcs Lengyel, Edömér Tassonyi
Megjegyzések:BACKGROUND:Electronic neuromuscular monitoring is not widely used to determine either the reversal requirements for neuromuscular block before extubation of the trachea, or to determine if there is any subsequent postoperative residual neuromuscular block (PORNB).OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of PORNB using acceleromyography after spontaneous recovery of rocuronium-induced block and to compare this with the administration of sugammadex, neostigmine or a placebo.DESIGN: Prospective, partially randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind, four-group parallel-arm study.SETTING: Single-centre study performed between October 2013 and December 2015 in a university hospital.PATIENTS: Of the 134 eligible patients, 128 gave their consent and 125 of these completed the study.INTERVENTIONS: Patients received general anaesthesia with propofol, sevoflurane, fentanyl and rocuronium. Neuromuscular transmission was measured by acceleromyography (TOF-Watch-SX; Organon Teknika B.V., Boxtel, the Netherlands) but the anaesthetist was blind to the results. If the anaesthetist deemed pharmacological reversal to be necessary before extubation of the trachea then patients were assigned randomly to receive either sugammadex (2.0 mg kg-1), neostigmine (0.05 mg kg-1) or a placebo. In the postanaesthesia care unit, an independent anaesthetist, unaware of the treatment given, assessed the neuromuscular function using acceleromyography.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The incidence of a normalised train-of-four ratio less than 0.9 on arrival in the recovery room.RESULTS: In total, 125 patients were recruited. Neuromuscular block was allowed to recover spontaneously in 50 patients, whereas the remainder received either sugammadex (27), neostigmine (26) or placebo (22). The number of cases with PORNB were one (3.7%), four (15%), 13 (26%) and 10 (45%) after sugammadex, neostigmine, spontaneous recovery and placebo, respectively. Sugammadex and neostigmine were more effective than placebo [odds ratio (OR): 0.05, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.005 to 0.403, P = 0.005; OR: 0.22, 95% CI: 0.056 to 0.85, P = 0.028, respectively]. Sugammadex performed better than spontaneous recovery (OR: 0.11, 95% CI: 0.014 to 0.89, P = 0.039) unlike neostigmine (OR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.15 to 1.79, P = 0.297). Yet, antagonism (pooled data) was more effective than spontaneous recovery (OR: 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1 to 0.9, P = 0.03).CONCLUSION: Although pharmacological reversal based on clinical signs was superior to spontaneous recovery it did not prevent PORNB, irrespective of the reversal agent.TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study is registered under EUDRACT number 2013-001965-17.
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Klinikai orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Electronic neuromuscular monitoring
Megjelenés:European Journal Of Anaesthesiology. - 34 : 9 (2017), p. 609-616. -
További szerzők:Fülesdi Béla (1961-) (aneszteziológus) Pongrácz Adrienn (1971-) (aneszteziológus, intenzív terápiás szakorvos) Asztalos László (1985-) (aneszteziológus) Szabó-Maák Zoltán Lengyel Szabolcs (1971-) (biológus) Tassonyi Edömér (1940-2022) (aneszteziológus)
Internet cím:DOI
Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat


001-es BibID:BIBFORM077685
035-os BibID:(WoS)000450430400024 (Scopus)85056649292
Első szerző:Tassonyi Edömér (aneszteziológus)
Cím:Reversal of Deep Pipecuronium-Induced Neuromuscular Block With Moderate Versus Standard Dose of Sugammadex : a Randomized, Double-Blind, Noninferiority Trial / Edömér Tassonyi, László Asztalos, Zoltán Szabó-Maák, Réka Nemes, Adrienn Pongrácz, Szabolcs Lengyel, Béla Fülesdi
Megjegyzések:BACKGROUND: Certain surgical interventions may require a deep neuromuscular block (NMB). Reversal of such a block before tracheal extubation is challenging. Because anticholinesterases are ineffective in deep block, sugammadex 4 mg/kg has been recommended for the reversal of rocuronium- or vecuronium-induced deep NMB. However, this recommendation requires opening 2 vials of 200 mg sugammadex, which results in an increase in drug costs. Therefore, we sought a less expensive solution for the induction and reversal of deep NMB. Although the optimal dose of sugammadex for antagonism of deep block from pipecuronium has not been established, data pertaining to moderate block are available. Accordingly, we hypothesized that sugammadex 2 mg/kg would be a proper dose to reverse deep pipecuronium block, enabling us to avoid cost increases. In the present study, we compared sugammadex 2 mg/kg with the standard dose of 4 mg/kg for reversal of deep block from pipecuronium. METHODS: This single-center, randomized, double-blind, 2 parallel-arms, noninferiority study comprised 50 patients undergoing general anesthesia with propofol, sevoflurane, fentanyl, and pipecuronium. Neuromuscular monitoring was performed with acceleromyography (TOF-Watch SX). Noninferiority margin was specified beforehand as an increase in reversal time of no >10% (corresponding to 1 minute for the primary outcome). When the block spontaneously recovered to posttetanic count 1, the patients randomly received sugammadex 2 or 4 mg/kg, and the time from the injection to the train-offour (TOF) ratio of 1.0 was measured. Primary outcome was the time to achieve the normalized TOF ratio of 0.9 in a particular patient. Residual or recurrent postoperative NMB was additional end point. RESULTS: Each patient recovered to the normalized TOF ratio of 0.9. In the 2 mg/kg group, reversal time was 1.73 ? 1.03 minutes (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33?2.13; n = 25), and in the 4 mg/kg group, reversal time was 1.42 ? 0.63 minutes (mean ? standard deviation) (95% CI, 1.17?1.67; n = 25). The mean difference in reversal times between the 2 groups was 0.31 minutes (95% CI, ?0.18 to 0.8), and the upper limit of CI was below the noninferiority margin of 1 minute. Postoperative block did not occur. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of sugammadex 2 mg/kg was noninferior to that of 4 mg/kg in reversing posttetanic count-1 degree pipecuronium block. Sugammadex reversal of deep pipecuronium block appears to be effective. (Anesth Analg 2018;127:1344?50)
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Klinikai orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Anesthesia And Analgesia. - 127 : 6 (2018), p. 1344-1350. -
További szerzők:Asztalos László (1985-) (aneszteziológus) Szabó-Maák Zoltán Nemes Réka (1985-) (aneszteziológus, intenzív terápiás szakorvos) Pongrácz Adrienn (1971-) (aneszteziológus, intenzív terápiás szakorvos) Lengyel Szabolcs (1971-) (biológus) Fülesdi Béla (1961-) (aneszteziológus)
Internet cím:DOI
Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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