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001-es BibID:BIBFORM081579
035-os BibID:(WOS)000472622400042 (Scopus)85067387093
Első szerző:Fekete Réka (biológus)
Cím:Roadside verges and cemeteries : comparative analysis of anthropogenic orchid habitats in the Eastern Mediterranean / Réka Fekete, Viktor Löki, Renáta Urgyán, Kristóf Süveges, Ádám Lovas-Kiss, Orsolya Vincze, Attila Molnár V.
Dátum:2019
ISSN:2045-7758
Megjegyzések:Several important habitats have become threatened in the last few centuries in the Mediterranean Basin due to major changes adopted in land?use practices. The consequent loss of natural and seminatural orchid habitats leads to the appreciation of small anthropogenic habitats, such as cemeteries and roadside verges. Colonization of cemeteries and roadside verges by orchids has long been known, but no study to date compared the suitability of these two anthropogenic habitats for orchids. Therefore, in this paper our aim was to survey cemeteries and roadside verges and to compare these two habitats regarding their role in conserving Mediterranean terrestrial orchids. We conducted field surveys in three Mediterranean islands, Cyprus, Crete, and Lesbos, where both cemeteries and roadside verges were sampled on a geographically representative scale. We found a total of almost 7,000 orchid individuals, belonging to 77 species in the two anthropogenic habitat types. Roadside verges hosted significantly more individuals than cemeteries in Crete and Lesbos, and significantly more species across all three islands. Our results suggest that although cemeteries have a great potential conservation value in other parts of the world, intensive maintenance practices that characterized cemeteries in these three islands renders them unable to sustain valuable plant communities. On the other hand, roadside verges play a prominent role in the conservation of Mediterranean orchids in Cyprus and Greece. The pioneer status of roadside verges facilitates their fast colonization, while roads serve as ecological corridors in fragmented landscapes.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
burial spaces
Cyprus
Greece
Orchidaceae
roadsides
secondary habitats
Megjelenés:Ecology and Evolution. - 9 : 11 (2019), p. 6655-6664. -
További szerzők:Löki Viktor (1989-) (biológus) Urgyán Renáta Süveges Kristóf (1994-) Lovas-Kiss Ádám (1991-) (biológus, botanikus) Vincze Orsolya (1988-) (biológus) Molnár V. Attila (1969-) (biológus, botanikus)
Pályázati támogatás:ÚNKP-18-3-I-DE-355
egyéb
ÚNKP-18-3-III-DE-129
egyéb
OTKA K132573
OTKA
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DOI
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2.

001-es BibID:BIBFORM103395
035-os BibID:(WOS)000548007400001 (Scopus)85088867822
Első szerző:Löki Viktor (biológus)
Cím:The protected flora of long-established cemeteries in Hungary : Using historical maps in biodiversity conservation / Viktor Löki, András Schmotzer, Attila Takács, Kristóf Süveges, Ádám Lovas-Kiss, Balázs András Lukács, Jácint Tökölyi, Attila Molnár V.
Dátum:2020
ISSN:2045-7758
Megjegyzések:The role of anthropogenically influenced habitats in conserving elements of the original wildlife has increased worldwide simultaneously with the disappearance of natural sites. Burial places are able to conserve original elements of the wildlife, and this fact has been known for at least a century. To this day, little is known about long-time changes and the effect of long-time management methods in cemeteries on the flora they harbor. The utility of historical maps in research focused on natural values, as well as in answering questions related to conservation was recently demonstrated, but the use of digitized historical maps in biodiversity research of the Carpathian Basin is very limited. In the present paper, we aimed to predict the conservation potential of long-established and newly established cemeteries of Hungarian settlements with various population sizes based on the digitized maps of the 2nd Military Survey of the Austrian Empire (1819-1869), by categorizing cemeteries into 3 distinct (anthropogenic habitat, cemetery, or natural habitat) types. To build our models, we used records of the protected flora from Hungarian cemeteries, based on data of thematic botanical surveys of 991 cemeteries. Out of the surveyed cemeteries, 553 (56%) harbored protected plants, totaling 306.617 estimated individuals of 92 protected species, belonging to 28 plant families. These species represent 12% of the entire protected flora of Hungary. Hungarian cemeteries play a key role mainly in preserving steppe and dry grassland plant species. Long-established and large cemeteries harbor more protected plant species than small and newly established ones. Human population size of the settlements correlated negatively with the number of protected species and individuals. Moreover, woodland cover and proportion of grassland also significantly positively affected the number of protected plant species in cemeteries.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
man-made habitats
nature conservation
red list species
refuges
secondary habitats
vascular plants
Megjelenés:Ecology and Evolution. - 10 : 14 (2020), p. 7497-7508. -
További szerzők:Schmotzer András Takács Attila (1989-) (biológus, botanikus) Süveges Kristóf (1994-) Lovas-Kiss Ádám (1991-) (biológus, botanikus) Lukács Balázs András (1979-) (ökológus) Tökölyi Jácint (1984-) (biológus) Molnár V. Attila (1969-) (biológus, botanikus)
Pályázati támogatás:ÚNKP-19-3- I-DE-238
Egyéb
NKFIH-OTKA-K-132573
Egyéb
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DOI
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3.

001-es BibID:BIBFORM070836
Első szerző:Molnár V. Attila (biológus, botanikus)
Cím:Turkish graveyards as refuges for orchids against tuber harvest / Attila Molnár V., Timea Nagy, Viktor Löki, Kristóf Süveges, Attila Takács, Judit Bódis, Jácint Tökölyi
Dátum:2017
ISSN:2045-7758
Megjegyzések:Harvest of orchid tubers for salep production is widespread in Southwestern Asia and the Balkans and constitutes a major conservation risk for wild orchid populations. Synanthropic habitats, such as graveyards are important refuges for orchids and other organisms, and could offer protection from salep harvesting because of their special cultural role. However, little is known about the occurrence and factors influencing harvesting of salep in graveyards. During field surveys of 474 graveyards throughout Turkey, we observed 333 graveyards with orchids, 311 graveyards with tuberous orchids and salep harvest in 14 graveyards. Altogether, 530 individuals of 17 orchid species were collected, representing 9% of the individuals recorded. Harvesting intensity was relatively low and populations were usually not wholly destroyed. However, some species were clearly more affected than others. Salep harvesting risk of orchid species was significantly associated with flowering time, with early-flowering species being more affected. A marginally significant positive relationship with between harvesting risk and species-specific tuber size was also detected. Our data suggest that graveyards might offer some protection against salep harvesting in Turkey, but they also show that some orchid taxa are much more affected than others. Overall, our observations add more weight to the conservation value of these special habitats.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Asia minor
cemetery
CITES
Orchidaceae
salep
sustainability
Megjelenés:Ecology & Evolution. - 7 : 24 (2017), p. 11257-11264. -
További szerzők:Nagy Timea Löki Viktor (1989-) (biológus) Süveges Kristóf (1994-) Takács Attila (1989-) (biológus, botanikus) Bódis Judit Tökölyi Jácint (1984-) (biológus)
Pályázati támogatás:K108992
OTKA
Internet cím:DOI
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