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001-es BibID:BIBFORM082078
035-os BibID:(WoS)000509325000003 (Scopus)85071744080 (PubMed)31469725
Első szerző:Kovács Adrienn (molekuláris biológus)
Cím:Orexinergic actions modify occurrence of slow inward currents on neurons in the pedunculopontine nucleus / Kovács Adrienn, Baksa Brigitta, Bayasgalan Tsogbadrakh, Szentesi Péter, Csemer Andrea, Pál Balázs
Megjegyzések:Orexins are neuromodulatory peptides of the lateral hypothalamus which regulate homeostatic mechanisms including sleep-wakefulness cycles. Orexinergic actions stabilize wakefulness by acting on the nuclei of the reticular activating system, including the pedunculopontine nucleus. Orexin application to pedunculopontine neurons produces a noisy tonic inward current and an increase in the frequency and amplitudes of excitatory postsynaptic currents. In the present project, we investigated orexinergic neuromodulatory actions on astrocyte-mediated neuronal slow inward currents of pedunculopontine neurons and their relationships with tonic currents by using slice electrophysiology on preparations from mice. We demonstrated that, in contrast to several other neuromodulatory actions and in line with literature data, orexin predominantly elicited a tonic inward current. A subpopulation of the pedunculopontine neurons possessed slow inward currents. Independently from the tonic currents, actions on slow inward currents were also detected, which resembled other neuromodulatory actions: if slow inward currents were almost absent on the neuron, orexin induced an increase of the charge movements by slow inward currents, whereas if slow inward current activity was abundant on the neurons, orexin exerted inhibitory action on it. Our data support the previous findings that orexin elicits only inward currents in contrast with cannabinoid, cholinergic or serotonergic actions. Similar to the aforementioned neuromodulatory actions, orexin influences slow inward currents in a way depending on control slow inward current activity. Furthermore, we found that orexinergic actions on slow inward currents are similarly independent from its actions on tonic currents, as it was previously found with other neuromodulatory agonists.
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Elméleti orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
pedunculopontine nucleus
slow inward current
tonic inward current
Megjelenés:Neuroreport. - 30 : 14 (2019), p. 933-938. -
További szerzők:Baksa Brigitta (1989-) (fogorvos) Bayasgalan, Tsogbadrakh (1983-) (Általános orvos) Szentesi Péter (1967-) (élettanász) Csemer Andrea (1994-) (molekuláris biológus) Pál Balázs (1975-) (élettanász)
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001-es BibID:BIBFORM060026
Első szerző:Kovács Adrienn (molekuláris biológus)
Cím:Cholinergic and endocannabinoid neuromodulatory effects overlap on neurons of the pedunculopontine nucleus of mice / Adrienn Kovács, Csilla Bordás, Balázs Pál
Megjegyzések:The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) is a part of the reticular activating system and one of the main sources of the cholinergic fibers in the midbrain, while it is also subject to cholinergic modulation. This nucleus is known to be a structure that controls sleep-wake cycles, arousal, and locomotion. Neurons of the PPN are targets of several neuromodulatory mechanisms, which elicit heterogeneous pharmacological responses including hyperpolarization and depolarization, whereas lack of response can also be observed. In agreement with previous findings, we found that PPN neurons respond to the muscarinic agonist carbachol in a heterogeneous manner: they were depolarized and showed increased firing rate, decreased firing frequency, and were hyperpolarized, or showed no response. The heterogeneity of the muscarinic activation was similar to our previous observations with type 1 cannabinoid (CB1) receptor agonists; therefore, we investigated whether muscarinic and endocannabinoid modulatory mechanisms elicit the same action on a certain neuron. To achieve this, whole-cell patch clamp experiments were conducted on midbrain slices containing the PPN. Carbachol was applied first and, after recording the changes in the membrane potential and the firing frequency and achieving washout, the CB1 receptor agonist arachidonyl-2'-chloroethylamide (ACEA) was applied. A marked but not full overlap was observed: all neurons depolarized by carbachol were depolarized by the CB1 receptor agonist ACEA, and all neurons lacking response to carbachol lacked response to ACEA as well. However, neurons hyperpolarized by carbachol were depolarized, hyperpolarized, or not affected by the ACEA. These results indicate that endocannabinoid and muscarinic modulatory effects involve similar mechanisms of action.
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Elméleti orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
CB1 receptor
reticular activating system
Megjelenés:Neuroreport. - 26 : 5 (2015), p. 273-278. -
További szerzők:Bordás Csilla Pál Balázs (1975-) (élettanász)
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Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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