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001-es BibID:BIBFORM076187
Első szerző:Garda Tamás (biológus)
Cím:Allyl-isothiocyanate and microcystin-LR reveal the protein phosphatase mediated regulation of metaphase-anaphase transition in Vicia faba / Tamás Garda, Zoltán Kónya, Csongor Freytag, Ferenc Erdődi, Sándor Gonda, Gábor Vasas, Boglárka Szücs, Márta M-Hamvas, Attila Kiss-Szikszai, György Vámosi, Csaba Máthé
Megjegyzések:Horseradish allyl isothiocyanate (AITC, a volatile oil) and cyanobacterial microcystin-LR (MCY-LR, a cyclic heptapeptide) affect eukaryotic cell cycle. MCY-LR inhibits protein phosphatases PP1 and PP2A. We aimed to reveal the mechanisms of their cellular effects in a model eukaryote, Vicia faba. We have shown for the first time that AITC had minor effects on PP1 and PP2A activities in vitro, but it inhibited significantly PP1 in vivo. The combination of 10 ?M AITC with 10 ?M MCY-LR induced metaphase arrest after short-term (12 h) treatments. 10 ?M AITC, 0.2-10 ?M MCY-LR and their combinations induced histone H3 hyperphosphorylation, associated with the regulation of metaphase-anaphase transition. This hyperphosphorylation event occurred at any treatment which led to the inhibition of PP1 activity. 10 ?M AITC + 10 ?M MCY-LR increased the frequency of metaphase spindle anomalies, associated with metaphase arrest. We provide new insights into the mechanisms of metaphase-anaphase transition. Metaphase arrest is induced at the concomitant hyperphosphorylation of histone H3, alteration of metaphase spindle assembly and strong inhibition of PP1+PP2A activity. Near-complete blocking of metaphase-anaphase transition by rapid protein phosphatase inhibition is shown here for the first time in plants, confirming a crucial role of serine-threonine phosphatases in this checkpoint of cell cycle regulation. Tissue-dependent differences in PP1 and PP2A activities induced by AITC and MCY-LR suggest that mainly regulatory subunits are affected. AITC is a potential tool for the study of protein phosphatase function and regulation. We raise the possibility that one of the biochemical events occurring during AITC release upon wounding is the modulation of protein phosphatase dependent signal transduction pathways during the plant defence response.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Frontiers in Plant Science. - 9 (2018), p. 1-15. -
További szerzők:Kónya Zoltán (1986-) (molekuláris biológus, biokémikus) Freytag Csongor (1993-) (biológus) Erdődi Ferenc (1953-) (biokémikus) Gonda Sándor (1984-) (gyógyszerész) Vasas Gábor (1975-) (biológus-vegyész) Szücs Boglárka Mikóné Hamvas Márta (1963-) (biológus) Kiss-Szikszai Attila (1975-) (vegyész) Vámosi György (1967-) (biofizikus) Máthé Csaba (1966-) (biológus)
Pályázati támogatás:NKFIH K120638
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001-es BibID:BIBFORM066833
Első szerző:Resetár Anna
Cím:Production and antioxidant capacity of tissue cultures from four Amaryllidaceae species / Anna Resetár, Csongor Freytag, Fruzsina Kalydi, Sándor Gonda, Márta M-Hamvas, Kitti Ajtay, László Papp, Csaba Máthé
Megjegyzések:The aim of this study was (i) to produce tissue cultures capable of efficient plant regeneration from European naturally occurring protected and/or pharmacologically important Amaryllidaceae species, and (ii) to test them for antioxidant activities in order to select tissue cultures that scavenge efficiently oxygen radicals. Bulb explants were collected from Galanthus woronowii, two Leucojum species and Sternbergia lutea- Leucojum species being Hungarian isolates. Mostly ?-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and benzyladenine (BA) were used as growth regulator combinations for the induction and maintenance of tissue cultures and further antioxidant activity studies. G. woronowii and L. vernum cultures produced shoots or whole plants via micropropagation (callus stage was observed only sporadically and callus tissue did not contribute to regeneration), whereas L. aestivum and S. lutea produced efficiently whole plants or multiple shoots via embryogenic calli. Total phenolic content, % inhibition of ABTS radical (ABTS*) cation and peroxidase activities on native polyacrylamide gels were studied and showed differences between cultures. No relationship could be detected between polyphenol content/ radical scavenging capacities and H2O2 reducing enzyme activities. For G. woronowii, S. lutea and a culture line of L. vernum, polyphenol content and ABTS* cation scavenging activities were high and for G. woronowii, comparable to organs of the native plants used as explant sources. Bulbs of native plants showed low radical scavenging activities in general. For L. vernum and L. aestivum tissue cultures grown in the presence of NAA as the sole growth regulator, ABTS* cation scavenging showed low values. Enzymatic antioxidant (pyrogallol peroxidase) activities were low for all cultures and organs of native plants. This study shows the species conservation value of these cultures and highlights the high antioxidant capacity of G. woronowii and S. lutea, attributed to the presence of non-enzymatic scavengers.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
somatic embryogenesis
free radical scavenging
pyrogallol peroxidase
Megjelenés:Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 86 : 1 (2017), p. 1-12. -
További szerzők:Freytag Csongor (1993-) (biológus) Kalydi Fruzsina Gonda Sándor (1984-) (gyógyszerész) Mikóné Hamvas Márta (1963-) (biológus) Ajtay Kitti Papp László (1958-) (biológus, botanikus) Máthé Csaba (1966-) (biológus)
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