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001-es BibID:BIBFORM080917
Első szerző:Silló Ágota (szociológus)
Cím:International Volunteers as Strangers in Szeklerland / Silló Ágota
ISSN:2069-7449 2248-0854
Megjegyzések:This paper focuses on volunteer tourism, which is approached as a new phenomenon in a Romanian minority region, i.e. Szeklerland. Volunteer tourism has developed very fast in last decades at international level and mostly in the developed societies. As an alternative tourism form, it is very popular among the youth and gap-year students. Volunteer tourism is a kind of international volunteering which offers opportunity for someone to volunteer and travel at the same time in a foreign country. Volunteer tourism makes possible the meeting and collaboration between local community and international volunteers. As a new phenomenon in the case of Szeklerland, volunteer tourism was started here by a foreign person, originated from England, who has established himself in Miercurea Ciuc, Harghita County, Romania. In this region, this event was regarded as a strange action; here, local volunteering is also a new phenomenon. The communist rule had a negative effect on the developing of volunteer culture in Eastern Europe. Therefore, in the 21st century in Romania, volunteering is still a rare phenomenon. On the other hand, the presence of foreign volunteers in Szeklerland is an unusual phenomenon. Volunteer tourists are those who meet with locals and thereby are more close to the local people to whom these people speak in foreign languages, have foreign looks and cultures. Due to their lack of English language skills, local people and organizations do not know how to connect with them. So, international volunteering or volunteer tourism is that phenomenon which allows to meet different foreign cultures, where the common ground could be a commonly spoken language, i.e. the English.
Tárgyszavak:Társadalomtudományok Szociológiai tudományok kutatási jelentés
volunteer tourism
international volunteers
Megjelenés:Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Social Analysis. - 8 : 1 (2018), p. 5-21. -
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001-es BibID:BIBFORM067256
Első szerző:Silló Ágota (szociológus)
Cím:The Development of Volunteering in Post-Communist Societies. A Review / Silló Ágota
Megjegyzések:This paper focuses on the development of volunteering at aggregate level in the post-communist societies, especially in Central and Eastern Europe. Volunteering as a formal activity performed for organizations or associations is an older activity in Western Europe, but in Central and Eastern Europe it has been a new phenomenon after the collapse of the communist regime. During the communist rule, volunteering was compulsory for children and for adults as well. In this period, not only the voluntary activities were under state control but also the civil society, which is the seed-bed of volunteering. After the collapse of the communist regime, volunteering in Central and Eastern Europe decreased. The main reasons of this are the bad experiences in communism. In the transition in Central and Eastern Europe, the culture of volunteering in some countries is better developed, such as in the Czech Republic, while in others less developed, such as in Romania or Bulgaria. At aggregate level, the main determinants of volunteering are democracy, value change, secularization, and individualization. All these processes have occurred in Western Europe, while in Central and Eastern Europe are just in progress. Besides the communist experiences, that is why volunteering in Central and Eastern Europe is less developed.
Tárgyszavak:Bölcsészettudományok Filozófiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
post-communist societies
Megjelenés:Acta Universitas Sapientiae Social Analysis. - 6 : 1 (2016), p. 93-110. -
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