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001-es BibID:BIBFORM071694
Első szerző:Szilassi Péter
Cím:The link between landscape pattern and vegetation naturalness on a regional scale / P. Szilassi, T. Bata, Sz. Szabó, B. Czúcz, Zs. Molnár, G. Mezősi
Megjegyzések:The land use and land cover pattern of landscapes are key elements of basic landscape structure; accordingly,this pattern has an important role in landscape management, nature conservation and preservation. In Hungary,the naturalness of the vegetation was surveyed between 2003 and 2006, and the vegetation-based NaturalCapital Index (NCI) was calculated for almost the entire area of the country. This field-based database gave usthe unique opportunity to analyse the statistical connection between the naturalness of the vegetation and thelandscape (land cover) pattern on a regional scale. In our study, we analysed the efficiency of the regional-levelCORINE Land Cover (CLC) database for the estimation of the naturalness of the vegetation. This connection wasanalysed at the country scale using every (2272) Flora Mapping Unit (FMU), or 5.5 ?6.5 km quadrate, ofHungary. We calculated the shape-, edge- and size-related landscape indices for all FMUs on a landscape level(including all CLC patches) and a class level (the land cover polygons were classified according to their landcover characteristics and their level of hemeroby). We determined the Spearman's correlations to reveal thestatistical connections between the landscape metric parameters and the NCI values. All of the investigated areaweightedlandscape indices: Main Patch Size, (MPS), Main Fractal Dimension Index, (MFDI), Total Edge (TE),Main Shape Index (MSI) and Number of Shape Characteristic Points (NSCP) on the landscape level showed asignificant statistical connection with the NCI, but the sign of its correlation with the NCI contrasted with thefindings from previous studies on a larger scale. Our study shows that scale has a strong impact on the sign of thecorrelation between the naturalness of the vegetation and the landscape structure. On a class level, particularlythe shape-related landscape indices of the "Forest and semi-natural areas" showed statistically significant correlationswith the NCI. The correlation strongly depended on the method of classification of the CLC polygons.Furthermore, the spatial pattern of the land-cover-type-based CLC polygon categories showed higher correlationvalues with the NCI than CLC polygon classes, which were categorized according to their hemeroby state. Theseresults show that although the sign of the spatial pattern change in the main land cover classes is scale-dependent,they can be used to estimate the increase or decrease in the naturalness of the vegetation better than thespatial changes of the hemeroby-level-based landscape pattern. We can predict the change in the naturalness ofvegetation based on the spatial changes in the land cover pattern.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Földtudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
landscape metrics
scale sensitivity
landscape pattern
vegetation based natural capital index
Megjelenés:Ecological Indicators 81 (2017), p. 252-259. -
További szerzők:Bata Teodóra Szabó Szilárd (1974-) (geográfus) Czúcz B. Molnár Zs. Mezősi Gábor (1952-) (geográfus)
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