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001-es BibID:BIBFORM037061
Első szerző:Froen, Rebecca C.
Cím:Pigment epithelial cells isolated from human peripheral iridectomies have limited properties of retinal stem cells / Froen R. C., Johnsen E. O., Petrovski G., Berényi E., Facskó A., Berta A., Nicolaissen B., Moe M. C.
Megjegyzések:PURPOSE: The identification of cells with properties of retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) in the adult human ciliary margin (CM) prompted a number of studies of their proliferative and differentiation potential. One of the remaining challenges is to find a feasible method of isolating RPCs from the patient's eye. In the human CM, only the iris pigment epithelium (IPE) is easily obtained by a minimally invasive procedure. In the light of recent studies questioning the existence of RPCs in the adult mammalian CM, we wanted to assess the potential of the adult human IPE as source of RPCs. METHODS: The IPE were isolated from peripheral iridectomies during glaucoma surgery, and IPE and ciliary body (CB) epithelium were also isolated from post-mortem tissue. Cells were cultivated in sphere-promoting conditions or as monolayers. Whole-tissue samples, undifferentiated and differentiated cells were studied by immunocytochemistry, RT-PCR and transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: The adult human IPE, like the CB, expressed markers of RPCs such as Pax6, Sox2 and Nestin in vivo. Both sphere-promoting and monolayer cultures preserved this phenotype. However, both IPE/CB cultures expressed markers of differentiated epithelial cells such as Claudin, microphtalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) and Cytokeratin-19. Ultrastructurally, IPE spheres displayed epithelial-like junctions and contained mature melanosomes. After induced differentiation, IPE-derived cells showed only partial neuronal differentiation expressing beta-III-tubulin, Map-2 and Rhodopsin, whereas no mature glial markers were found. CONCLUSION: Proliferative cells with some properties of RPCs can be isolated from the adult human IPE by peripheral iridectomies. Yet, many cells retain properties of differentiated epithelial cells and lack central properties of somatic stem cells.
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Elméleti orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Acta Ophthalmologica. - 89 : 8 (2011), p. 635-644. -
További szerzők:Johnsen, Erik O. Petrovski, Goran (1975-) (orvos) Berényi Erika Facskó Andrea (1953-) (szemész) Berta András (1955-) (szemész, gyermekszemész) Nicolaissen, Bjorn Moe, Morten C.
Internet cím:Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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