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001-es BibID:BIBFORM101946
035-os BibID:(cikkazonosító)522 (WoS)000801237200001 (Scopus)85130903690
Első szerző:Imre Alexandra (1992-)
Cím:Heme Oxygenase-1 (HMX1) Loss of Function Increases the In-Host Fitness of the Saccharomyces 'boulardii' Probiotic Yeast in a Mouse Fungemia Model / Alexandra Imre, Renátó Kovács, Zoltán Tóth, László Majoros, Zsigmond Benkő, Walter P. Pfliegler, István Pócsi
Megjegyzések:The use of yeast-containing probiotics is on the rise; however, these products occasionally cause fungal infections and possibly even fungemia among susceptible probiotic-treated patients. The incidence of such cases is probably underestimated, which is why it is important to delve deeper into the pathomechanism and the adaptive features of S. ♭boulardii'. Here in this study, the potential role of the gene heme oxygenase-1 (HMX1) in probiotic yeast bloodstream-derived infections was studied by generating marker-free HMX1 deletion mutants with CRISPR/Cas9 technology from both commercial and clinical S. ♭boulardii' isolates. The six commercial and clinical yeasts used here represented closely related but different genetic backgrounds as revealed by comparative genomic analysis. We compared the wild-type isolates against deletion mutants for their tolerance of iron starvation, hemolytic activity, as well as kidney burden in immunosuppressed BALB/c mice after lateral tail vein injection. Our results reveal that the lack of HMX1 in S. ♭boulardii' significantly (p < 0.0001) increases the kidney burden of the mice in most genetic backgrounds, while at the same time causes decreased growth in iron-deprived media in vitro. These findings indicate that even a single-gene loss-of-function mutation can, surprisingly, cause elevated fitness in the host during an opportunistic systemic infection. Our findings indicate that the safety assessment of S. ♭boulardii' strains should not only take strain-to-strain variation into account, but also avoid extrapolating in vitro results to in vivo virulence factor determination.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
heme oxygenase
iron starvation
probiotic yeast
Saccharomyces boulardii
Megjelenés:Journal of Fungi. - 8 : 5 (2022), p. 522. -
További szerzők:Kovács Renátó László (1987-) (molekuláris biológus) Tóth Zoltán (1990-) (molekuláris biológus) Majoros László (1966-) (szakorvos, klinikai mikrobiológus) Benkő Zsigmond (1961-) (molekuláris biológus, genetikus) Pfliegler Valter Péter (1986-) (molekuláris biológus) Pócsi István (1961-) (vegyész)
Pályázati támogatás:TKP2021-EGA-20
NKFIH FK 138910
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