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001-es BibID:BIBFORM108052
035-os BibID:(cikkazonosító)109446 (WOS)000854002600002 (Scopus)85136572408
Első szerző:Yancheva, Vesela
Cím:Assessment of the exposure of two pesticides on common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) : are the prolonged biomarker responses adaptive or destructive? / Vesela Yancheva, Elenka Georgieva, Iliana Velcheva, Ilia Iliev, Stela Stoyanova, Tonka Vasileva, Veselin Bivolarski, Dobrinka Todorova-Bambaldokova, Nurfatin Zulkipli, László Antal, Krisztián Nyeste
Megjegyzések:Chlorpyrifos (CPF) and cypermethrin (CYP) are two insecticides that have a proven negative effect on non-target aquatic organisms when they enter the surface waters. However, literature on the comparative effects of these pesticides on important aquaculture fish species, such as common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) is not yet scientifically detailed, especially over the long-term. The idea of conducting a long-term exposure is to find out how the observed biomarkers would change compared to the short-term exposure. In the natural environment, toxicants are not present alone, but in combination. By monitoring the long-term impact of individual substances, the state of aquatic ecosystems exposed to various toxicants could be predicted. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the toxicity of different concentrations of CYP (0.0002, 0.0003, and 0.0006 mu g/L) and CPF (0.03, 0.05, and 0.10 mu g/L) in 50-L glass tanks on C. carpio, exposed for 30 days under laboratory conditions. A set of his-tological and biochemical biomarkers in the gills and liver were applied with the chemical analyses of water and fish organs. Furthermore, the condition and hepatosomatic index were calculated to assess the physiological status of the treated carps. The behavioral responses were also monitored, and the respiration rate was analyzed. The results suggest that CYP had a more prominent effect on the histological structure of fish organs, biochemical responses of anti-oxidant enzymes, behavior, and respiration rate compared to the effect of CPF. In addition, the results also indicate that the liver is more susceptible to chronic and chemically induced cellular stress compared to the gills, with overall destructive changes in the histological biomarkers rather than adaptive. Regardless of the scenario, our results provide novel insights into pesticide exposure and the possible biological impacts on economically important freshwater fish, exposed to lower CYP and CPF concentrations, based on the EU legis-lation (maximum allowable concentrations, MAC-EQS).
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Környezettudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Comparative Biochemistry And Physiology C-Toxicology & Pharmacology. - 261 (2022), p. 1-17. -
További szerzők:Georgieva, Elenka Velcheva, Iliana Iliev, Ilia Stoyanova, Stela Vasileva, Tonka Bivolarski, Veselin Todorova-Bambaldokova, Dobrinka Zulkipli, Nurfatin Antal László (1984-) (hidrobiológus, biológus-ökológus) Nyeste Krisztián József (1993-) (hidrobiológus)
Pályázati támogatás:TKP2021-NKTA-32
RRF 2.3.1-21-2022-00008
GINOP_PLUSZ- 2.1.1-21-2022-00245
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