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001-es BibID:BIBFORM112779
035-os BibID:(cikkazonosító)110282 (Scopus)85162097540 (WoS)001021695100001
Első szerző:Csoma Hajnalka (biológus, szőlész-borász)
Cím:Starmerella lactis-condensi, a yeast that has adapted to the conditions in the oenological environment / Csoma Hajnalka, Kállai Zoltán, Czentye Kinga, Sipiczki Mátyás
Dátum:2023
ISSN:0168-1605
Megjegyzések:The yeast Starmerella (Candida) lactis-condensi is considered a food contaminant microorganism. The aim of our research was to determine why St. lactis-condensi could become the dominant species of Essences, the top sweet wine speciality of Tokaj wine region in Hungary. We investigated the physiological properties of these yeasts based on parameters that may influence their ability to selectively proliferate and persist during maturation in wines with very high sugar content. These include glucose and fructose, alcohol, and sulphur tolerance. Our studies have shown that St. lactis-condensi is a fructophilic yeast that is able to adapt quickly to very high sugar concentrations (up to 500 g/L) in the Essences. The high glucose concentration inhibits its growth, as well as that of the St. bacillaris (Candida zemplinina) strains tested. The type and amount of sugars in the Essences, together with the sulphur and alcohol content, influence the composition of the dominant yeast biota. Analysis of (GTG)5 microsatellite in the nuclear genome and mtDNA-RFLP studies demonstrate that a diverse population of St. lactiscondensi occurs in the Tokaj wine region, in the Essences. This yeast species is characterised by both physiological and genetic biodiversity. GC-MS analysis of Essences colonised exclusively with these yeasts showed no deterioration in quality.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
Starmerella
Fructophil yeast
Sweet wine
Spoilage yeast
Megjelenés:International Journal of Food Microbiology. - 401 : 1 (2023), p. 1-10. -
További szerzők:Kállai Zoltán (1985-) (biológus) Czentye Kinga Sipiczki Mátyás (1948-) (biológus)
Internet cím:Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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