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001-es BibID:BIBFORM114461
035-os BibID:(cikkazonosító)108159 (WoS)001069940200001 (Scopus)85172443211
Első szerző:Magyar Tamás (környezetgazdálkodás)
Cím:Modeling of soil moisture and water fluxes in a maize field for the optimization of irrigation / Tamás Magyar, Zsolt Fehér, Erika Buday-Bódi, János Tamás, Attila Nagy
Megjegyzések:Precision irrigation is becoming more and more important in agricultural crop production due to the limited water resources resulting from the negative effects of climate change. Modeling of irrigation can support decision makers in the maintenance of the quantitative and qualitative parameters of the cultivated crops, while improving the efficiency of water consumption. In the present paper, a 3D hydrodynamic model was created in the HYDRUS environment to support the modeling of the temporal changes and spatial variations in the water balance (WB) of a maize cultivated Hungarian study site, thereby providing inputs for irrigation scheduling and variable rate irrigation for stakeholders. Beside soil physical parameters, crop evapotranspiration (ETc) values were also considered as model inputs for the phenological crop development stages of the maize from the sowing to the harvesting. This period was between the 3rd of May and the 10th of September in 2020 and the 20th of May and 14th of September for the year 2021. The performance of the model for soil moisture conditions were validated by on-field soil moisture measurements. The overall performance (full vegetation period) of the model was good (r2 = 0.88 for 2020 and r2 = 0.91 for 2021), but slightly varied among different phenological stages. Based on the model, the water balance of the investigated area was determined without any irrigation, alongside the cumulative water fluxes (CWF) through the boundaries including the root water uptake (RWU) of the maize as well. The results revealed that the incoming precipitation was not sufficient to supplement the water content in the soil to the optimal soil moisture range, except when the precipitation level is high enough to balance it. It was concluded that the water balance was negative for the investigated time periods without any irrigation. The specific water deficit (WD) values were calculated considering the area of the study site, which is 1439 m3/ha for 2020 and 2068 m3/ha for 2021. From the obtained results, optimal irrigation schedules were presented to keep the soil moisture content in the optimal range (20.92-14.41 V/V%) in the modeled area for two different vegetation periods. It was found that due to the irrigation the crop water productivity (CWP) increased by 6% and 4% in 2020 and 2021. Overall, the model is able to cope with changing circumstances that could help to mitigate the negative effects of climate change with the reasonable use of limited water resources in the future.
Tárgyszavak:Agrártudományok Növénytermesztési és kertészeti tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Water balance
Maize Irrigation scheduling Root water uptake
Megjelenés:Computers And Electronics In Agriculture. - 213 (2023), p. 1-15. -
További szerzők:Fehér Zsolt Zoltán (1984-) (geoinformatika) Bódi Erika (1989-) (geológus, geográfus) Tamás János (1959-) (környezetgazdálkodási agrármérnök) Nagy Attila (1982-) (környezetgazdálkodási agrármérnök)
Pályázati támogatás:WATERAGRI 858375
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