Összesen 3 találat.


001-es BibID:BIBFORM058137
Első szerző:Bagi Zsolt (orvos)
Cím:Type 2 diabetic mice have increased arteriolar tone and blood pressure : enhanced release of COX-2-derived constrictor prostaglandins / Zsolt Bagi, Nora Erdei, Attila Toth, Wei Li, Thomas H. Hintze, Akos Koller, Gabor Kaley
Megjegyzések:OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2-DM) is frequently associated with vascular dysfunction and elevated blood pressure, yet the underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. We hypothesized that in T2-DM, the regulation of peripheral vascular resistance is altered because of changes in local vasomotor mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: In mice with T2-DM (C57BL/KsJ-(db-)/db-), systolic and mean arterial pressures measured by the tail cuff method were significantly elevated compared with those of control (db+/db-) animals (db/db, 146+/-5 and 106+/-2 mm Hg versus control, 133+/-4 and 98+/-4 mm Hg, respectively; P<0.05). Total peripheral resistance, calculated from cardiac output values (measured by echocardiography) and mean arterial pressure were significantly elevated in db/db mice (db/db, 25+/-6 versus control, 15+/-1 mm Hg[middot]mL(-1)[middot]min(-1)). In isolated, pressurized gracilis muscle arterioles (diameter approximately 80 microm) from db/db mice, stepwise increases in intraluminal pressure (from 20 to 120 mm Hg) elicited a greater reduction in diameter than in control vessels at each pressure step (at 80 mm Hg, db/db, 66+/-4% versus control, 79+/-3%). The passive diameters of arterioles (obtained in Ca2+-free solution) and the calculated myogenic index were not significantly different in the 2 groups. The presence of the prostaglandin H2/thromboxane A2 receptor antagonist SQ29548 did not affect arteriolar diameters of control mice but reduced the enhanced arteriolar tone of db/db mice back to control levels (at 80 mm Hg, 80+/-4%). The inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), SC-560, did not affect the basal tone of arterioles, whereas NS-398, an inhibitor of COX-2, caused a significant shift in the arteriolar pressure-diameter curve of vessels from db/db mice (at 80 mm Hg, 76+/-3%) but not in those of control mice. Also, in aortas of db/db mice, expression of COX-2 was enhanced compared with controls. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these findings suggest that in mice with T2-DM, the basal tone of skeletal muscle arterioles is increased because of an enhanced COX-2-dependent production of constrictor prostaglandins. These alterations in microvascular prostaglandin synthesis may contribute to the increase in peripheral resistance and blood pressure in T2-DM.
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Elméleti orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology. - 25 : 8 (2005), p. 1610-1616. -
További szerzők:Erdei Nóra (1979-) (orvos) Tóth Attila (1971-) (biológus) Li, Wei (1987-) (kutató) Hintze, Thomas H. Koller Ákos Kaley Gábor
Internet cím:Szerző által megadott URL
Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat


001-es BibID:BIBFORM020103
Első szerző:Erdei Nóra (orvos)
Cím:High-fat diet-induced reduction in nitric oxide-dependent arteriolar dilation in rats: role of xanthine oxidase-derived superoxide anion / Nóra Erdei, Attila Tóth, Enikő T. Pásztor, Zoltán Papp, István Édes, Akos Koller, Zsolt Bagi
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Klinikai orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Megjelenés:American Journal Of Physiology-Heart And Circulatory Physiology. - 291 : 5 (2006), p. H2107-H2115. -
További szerzők:Tóth Attila (1971-) (biológus) Pásztorné Tóth Enikő (1966-) (laboratóriumi analitikus) Papp Zoltán (1965-) (kardiológus, élettanász) Édes István (1952-) (kardiológus) Koller Ákos Bagi Zsolt (1974-) (orvos)
Internet cím:Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat


001-es BibID:BIBFORM003870
Első szerző:Kark Tamás (orvos)
Cím:Tissue-specific regulation of microvascular diameter : opposite functional roles of neuronal and smooth muscle located vanilloid receptor-1 / Tamás Kark, Zsolt Bagi, Erzsébet Lizanecz, Enikő T. Pásztor, Nóra Erdei, Ágnes Czikora, Zoltán Papp, István Édes, Róbert Pórszász, Attila Tóth
Megjegyzések:The transient receptor potential type V1 channel (vanilloid receptor 1, TRPV1) is a Ca2+ -permeable nonspecific cation channel activated by various painful stimuli including ischemia. We hypothesized that TRPV1 is expressed in the arterioles and is involved in the regulation of microvascular tone. We found that TRPV1 stimulation by capsaicin (intra-arterial administration) of the isolated, perfused right hind limb of the rat increased vascular resistance (by 98 ± 21 mm Hg at 10 gamma g) in association with decreased skeletal muscle perfusion and elevation of skin perfusion (detected by dual-channel laser Doppler flowmetry). Denervation of the hind limb did not affect capsaicin-evoked changes in vascular resistance and tissue perfusion in the hind limb but reduced the elevation of perfusion in the skin. In isolated, pressurized skeletal (musculus gracilis) muscle arterioles (diameter, 147 ± 35 gamma m), capsaicin had biphasic effects: at lowe concentrations, capsaicin (up to 10 nM) evoked dilations (maximum, 32 ± 13%), whereas higher concentrations (0.1-1 gamma M) elicited substantial constrictions (maximum, 66 ± 7%). Endothelium removal or inhibition of nitric-oxide synthase abolished capsaicin-induced dilations but did not affect arteriolar constriction. Expression of TRPV1 was detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in the aorta and in cultured rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (A7r5). Immunohistochemistry revealed expression primarily in the smooth muscle layers of the gracilis arteriole. These data demonstrate the functional expression of TRPV1 in vascular smooth muscle cells mediating vasoconstriction of the resistance arteries. Because of the dual effects of TRPV1 stimulation on the arteriolar diameter (dilation in skin, constriction in skeletal muscle), we propose that TRPV1 ligands represent drug candidates for tissue-specific modulation of blood distribution.
Tárgyszavak:Orvostudományok Elméleti orvostudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
calcitonin gene-related peptide
Megjelenés:Molecular Pharmacology. - 73 : 5 (2008), p. 1405-1412. -
További szerzők:Bagi Zsolt (1974-) (orvos) Lizanecz Erzsébet (1978-) (orvos) Pásztorné Tóth Enikő (1966-) (laboratóriumi analitikus) Erdei Nóra (1979-) (orvos) Czikora Ágnes (1982-) (molekuláris biológus) Papp Zoltán (1965-) (kardiológus, élettanász) Édes István (1952-) (kardiológus) Pórszász Róbert (1965-) (farmakológus, klinikai farmakológus) Tóth Attila (1971-) (biológus)
Internet cím:elektronikus változat
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