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001-es BibID:BIBFORM013410
Első szerző:Bartáné Tóth Beáta (molekuláris biológus)
Cím:Ecological studies of ectomycorrhizal fungi : an analysis of survey methods / Beáta B. Tóth, Zoltan Barta
Megjegyzések:In this paper, by reviewing ecological studies ofectomycorrhizal fungi where both fruiting bodies andmycorrhizal root tips were simultaneously surveyed, weinvestigate whether the diversity data obtained by the twomethods leads to similar conclusions about the underlyingecological processes of interest. Despite discrepancies inidentifying species, we found that both survey methodsidentified similar responses by ectomycorrhizal fungalcommunities to experimental manipulations, successionalchanges and environmental disturbances (exceptions areshort-term or low-level disturbances). By analysing theresults of the reviewed studies, we found a positiverelationship to exist between fungal species richness and(i) the host plant age and (ii) the number of putative hostplant species, independently of the applied survey method.Of the methodological variables, only the number of soilsamples (for the below-ground approach) and the durationof the study (for the above-ground approach) have asignificant effect on the EMF species richness, with speciesrichness increasing with both. Our investigation also showsthat in 73% of the reviewed studies (27 out of 37) a greaterspecies richness was found by fruiting body surveys thanby methods based on sampling of the root tips. Based onthese findings, we argue for the continuation of fruitingbody surveys in order to gain rapid and still valuableinformation on ecosystems over a wide spatial and temporalrange and strongly recommend their use in long-termecosystem monitoring projects.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
Fungal diversity
Ecosystem processes
Megjelenés:Fungal Diversity. - 45 : 1 (2010), p. 3-19. -
További szerzők:Barta Zoltán (1967-) (biológus, zoológus)
Internet cím:DOI
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