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001-es BibID:BIBFORM101946
Első szerző:Imre Alexandra (1992-)
Cím:Heme Oxygenase-1 (HMX1) Loss of Function Increases the In-Host Fitness of the Saccharomyces 'boulardii' Probiotic Yeast in a Mouse Fungemia Model / Alexandra Imre, Renátó Kovács, Zoltán Tóth, László Majoros, Zsigmond Benkő, Walter P. Pfliegler, István Pócsi
Dátum:2022
ISSN:2309-608X
Megjegyzések:The use of yeast-containing probiotics is on the rise; however, these products occasionally cause fungal infections and possibly even fungemia among susceptible probiotic-treated patients. The incidence of such cases is probably underestimated, which is why it is important to delve deeper into the pathomechanism and the adaptive features of S. ♭boulardii'. Here in this study, the potential role of the gene heme oxygenase-1 (HMX1) in probiotic yeast bloodstream-derived infections was studied by generating marker-free HMX1 deletion mutants with CRISPR/Cas9 technology from both commercial and clinical S. ♭boulardii' isolates. The six commercial and clinical yeasts used here represented closely related but different genetic backgrounds as revealed by comparative genomic analysis. We compared the wild-type isolates against deletion mutants for their tolerance of iron starvation, hemolytic activity, as well as kidney burden in immunosuppressed BALB/c mice after lateral tail vein injection. Our results reveal that the lack of HMX1 in S. ♭boulardii' significantly (p < 0.0001) increases the kidney burden of the mice in most genetic backgrounds, while at the same time causes decreased growth in iron-deprived media in vitro. These findings indicate that even a single-gene loss-of-function mutation can, surprisingly, cause elevated fitness in the host during an opportunistic systemic infection. Our findings indicate that the safety assessment of S. ♭boulardii' strains should not only take strain-to-strain variation into account, but also avoid extrapolating in vitro results to in vivo virulence factor determination.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
fungaemia
heme oxygenase
hemolysis
iron starvation
genomics
probiotic yeast
Saccharomyces boulardii
Megjelenés:Journal of Fungi. - 8 : 5 (2022), p. 522. -
További szerzők:Kovács Renátó László (1987-) (molekuláris biológus) Tóth Zoltán (1990-) (molekuláris biológus) Majoros László (1966-) (szakorvos, klinikai mikrobiológus) Benkő Zsigmond (1961-) (molekuláris biológus, genetikus) Pfliegler Valter Péter (1986-) (molekuláris biológus) Pócsi István (1961-) (vegyész)
Pályázati támogatás:TKP2021-EGA-20
Egyéb
NKFIH FK 138910
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2.

001-es BibID:BIBFORM096333
035-os BibID:(cikkazonosító)746
Első szerző:Imre Alexandra (1992-)
Cím:Virulence Factors and in-Host Selection on Phenotypes in Infectious Probiotic Yeast Isolates (Saccharomyces 'boulardii') / Alexandra Imre, Renátó Kovács, Kitti Pázmándi, Dániel Nemes, Ágnes Jakab, Tünde Fekete, Hanna Viktória Rácz, Ilona Dóczi, Ildikó Bácskay, Attila Gácser, Károly Kovács, László Majoros, Zoltán Farkas, István Pócsi, Walter P. Pfliegler
Dátum:2021
ISSN:2309-608X
Megjegyzések:Saccharomyces yeast probiotics (S. 'boulardii') have long been applied in the treatment of several gastrointestinal conditions. Despite their widespread use, they are rare opportunistic path-ogens responsible for a high proportion of Saccharomyces mycosis cases. The potential virulence at-tributes of S. 'boulardii' as well as its interactions with the human immune system have been studied, however, no information is available on how these yeasts may change due to in-host evolution. To fill this gap, we compared the general phenotypic characteristics, cell morphology, virulence factors, epithelial and immunological interactions, and pathogenicity of four probiotic product samples, two mycosis, and eight non-mycosis samples of S. 'boulardii'. We assessed the characteristics related to major steps of yeast infections. Mycosis and non-mycosis isolates both displayed novel characters when compared to the product isolates, but in the case of most virulence factors and in pathogenic-ity, differences were negligible or, surprisingly, the yeasts from products showed elevated levels. No isolates inflicted considerable damage to the epithelial model or bore the hallmarks of immune evasion. Our results show that strains in probiotic products possess characteristics that enable them to act as pathogens upon permissive conditions, and their entry into the bloodstream is not due to active mechanisms but depends on the host. Survival in the host is dependent on yeast phenotypic characteristics which may change in many ways once they start evolving in the host. These facts call attention to the shortcomings of virulence phenotyping in yeast research, and the need for a more thorough assessment of probiotic use.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Biológiai tudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
folyóiratcikk
Saccharomyces boulardii
opportunistic pathogen
microevolution
antimycotic
virulence
Megjelenés:Journal of Fungi. - 7 : 9 (2021), p. 1-29. -
További szerzők:Kovács Renátó László (1987-) (molekuláris biológus) Pázmándi Kitti Linda (1984-) (molekuláris biológus, immunológus) Nemes Dániel (1993-) (gyógyszerész) Jakab Ágnes (1987-) (biológus) Fekete Tünde (1984-) (immunológus, molekuláris biológus, mikrobiológus) Rácz Hanna Viktória (1994-) (biológus) Dóczi Ilona Bácskay Ildikó (1969-) (gyógyszerész, gyógyszertechnológus) Gácser Attila Kovács Károly Majoros László (1966-) (szakorvos, klinikai mikrobiológus) Farkas Zoltán Pócsi István (1961-) (vegyész) Pfliegler Valter Péter (1986-) (molekuláris biológus)
Pályázati támogatás:FK-138910
OTKA
TKP2020-IKA-0
Egyéb
Internet cím:Szerző által megadott URL
DOI
Intézményi repozitóriumban (DEA) tárolt változat
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