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001-es BibID:BIBFORM063014
Első szerző:Szabó Szilárd (geográfus)
Cím:Possibilities of land use change analysis in a mountainous rural area: a methodological approach / Szilárd Szabó, László Bertalan, Ágnes Kerekes, Tibor J. Novák
ISSN:1365-8816 1362-3087
Megjegyzések:Decreasing population density is a current trend in the European Union, and causes a lower environmental impact on the landscape. However, besides the desirable effect on the regeneration processes of semi-natural forest ecosystems, the lack of traditional management techniques can also lead to detrimental ecological processes. In this study we investigated the land use pattern changes in a micro-region (in North-Eastern Hungary) between 1952 and 2005, based on vectorised land use data from archive aerial photos. We also evaluated the methodology of comparisons using GIS methods, fuzzy sets and landscape metrics. We found that both GIS methods and statistical analysis of landscape metrics resulted in more or less the same findings. Differences were not as relevant as was expected considering the general tendencies of the past 60 years in Hungary. The change in the annual rate of forest recovery was 0.12%; settlements extended their area by an annual rate of 3.04%, while grasslands and arable lands had a net loss in their area within the studied period (0.60% and 0.89%, respectively). The kappa index showed a smaller similarity (~60%) between these dates but the fuzzy kappa and the aggregation index, taking into account both spatial and thematic errors, gave a more reliable result (~70?80% similarity). Landscape metrics on patch and class level ensured the possibility of a detailed analysis. We arrived at a similar outcome but were able to verify all the calculations through statistical tests. With this approach we were able to reveal significant (p < 0.05) changes; however, effect sizes did not show large magnitudes. Comparing the methods of revealing landscape change, the approach of landscape metrics was the most effective approach, as it was independent of spatial errors and ensuring a multiple way of interpretation.
Tárgyszavak:Természettudományok Földtudományok idegen nyelvű folyóiratközlemény külföldi lapban
landscape change
rural landscapes
forest recovery
Megjelenés:International Journal Of Geographical Information Science. - 30 : 4 (2016), p. 708-726. -
További szerzők:Bertalan László (1989-) (geográfus) Kerekes Ágnes Novák Tibor (1973-) (geográfus)
Pályázati támogatás:RH/751/2015
SROP-4.2.2.B-15/1/ KONV-2015-0001
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